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Avian Influenza

Other Names: Fowl Plague, Grippe Aviaire
Avian influenza viruses are highly contagious, extremely variable viruses that are widespread in birds, particularly wild waterfowl and shorebirds. Domesticated poultry are also readily infected.

Disease Agents

  • Orthomyxoviridae Influenzavirus A

Disease Presentation

Vaccine Products

Additional Disease Specific Resources

USDA Foreign Animal Disease Preparedness and Response (FAD PReP)
Additional Web Resources for Avian Influenza
Secure Food Supply

Secure Food Supply Plans for eggs and turkeys are designed to provide business continuity in the face of a foreign animal disease outbreak.

Video Resources

General Disease Prevention Practices for Poultry Farms
Documents to provide poultry producers preventive measures to use on their farms to prevent the introduction and spread of disease.


Avian influenza viruses are influenza A viruses. These enveloped viruses are susceptible to a wide variety of disinfectants, including sodium hypochlorite, 60% to 95% ethanol, quaternary ammonium compounds, aldehydes (glutaraldehyde, formaldehyde), phenols, acids, povidone-iodine and other agents. They can also be inactivated by heat of 56-60°C (133-140°F) for a minimum of 60 minutes (or higher temperatures for shorter periods), as well as by ionizing radiation or extremes of pH (pH 1-3 or pH 10-14).

Signs and Templates

One-page handout outlining basic biosecurity measures that should be used on farms to prevent the introduction and spread of disease.

Disease Categories

The links in this section will take you to a list of other diseases for that same category (e.g. diseases affecting that species, in a specific region, etc.).


To cite the factsheets found on this website, the following information can be used:
Spickler, Anna Rovid. "Title of Factsheet." "Date of Factsheet (Last Updated)."