Small Ruminant Diseases and Resources

Small ruminants are an important source of meat, milk or wool throughout the world. Of the world's 1,614 million sheep and 475 million goats, 65% and 95%, respectively, are located in developing countries. Sheep and goat meat is an important protein source and goat milk is easier to digest for some people. Small ruminants provide employment and income for people living in rural communities and are important to the economies of some countries. In the United States, approximately 6 million sheep are used for meat and wool production and 2.5 million goats are used for meat, milk and mohair production. The diseases listed here are some of most important transboundary and zoonotic diseases that affect small ruminants.

Small Ruminant Diseases

Aino Disease
Amblyomma hebraeum
Amblyomma variegatum
Aujeszky’s Disease
Boophilus microplus
Bovine Babesiosis
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
Brucella abortus
Brucella melitensis
Brucella ovis
Caprine Arthritis and Encephalitis
Cat Scratch Disease
Chagas (Trypanosomiasis-American)
Chlamydiosis (Mammalian)
Contagious Agalactia
Contagious Caprine Pleuropneumonia
Contagious Ecthyma
Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever

see all 68 diseases »


Resources and Diseases by Species

Aquatic Animals Bovine
Canine Cervids
Equine Feline
Humans Non-Poultry Birds
Pocket Pets Poultry
Small Ruminants Swine