Bovine Diseases and Resources

Cattle are important to society for many reasons. They are a source of meat, milk and other dairy products, as well as leather and other by-products. Cattle can digest forages that cannot be digested by humans converting it into a high-protein food source for human consumption. Cattle are grazed in regions where crops cannot be easily grown. Cattle provide employment and food security to many of the world's poorest people. The manure from cattle is a valuable soil additive. For some, such as nomadic Masai, cattle are the most important and valuable thing they own. Thirty percent of the world's cattle live in India where they are considered a sacred animal. In 2009, 293 million head of cattle were slaughtered worldwide. In the United States, cattle and calf production in 2010 was valued at $37 billion. The diseases listed here are some of most important transboundary animal diseases that affect cattle. Some of these are zoonotic.

Bovine Diseases

Aino Disease
Amblyomma hebraeum
Amblyomma variegatum
Aujeszky’s Disease
Boophilus annulatus
Boophilus microplus
Bovine Babesiosis
Bovine Ephemeral Fever
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
Bovine Tuberculosis
Brucella abortus
Brucella melitensis
Cat Scratch Disease
Chlamydiosis (Mammalian)
Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia
Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever

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Cows in a meadow.

FMD Pocket Guide
The Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) pocket guide was designed to enhance vesicular disease surveillance in cattle by providing practitioners, veterinary students, government personnel, and livestock producers with a convenient resource illustrating the progression of FMD lesions.

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Resources and Diseases by Species

Aquatic Animals Bovine
Canine Cervids
Equine Feline
Humans Non-Poultry Birds
Pocket Pets Poultry
Small Ruminants Swine