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EEDA Textbook References: Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia

Brown LL, Bruno DW. Viral hemorrhagic septicemia. In: Woo PTK, Bruno DW, Lim LHS, editors. Diseases and disorders of finfish in cage culture. New York; CABI Publishing; 2002. p. 108-111.

Brudeseth BE, Raynard RS, King JA, Evensen O. Sequential pathology after experimental infection with marine viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus isolates of low and high virulence in turbot (Scophthalmus maximus L). Vet Pathol. 2005;42:9-18.

Elsayed E, Faisal M, Thomas M, Whelan G, Batts W, Winton J. Isolation of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus from muskellunge, Esox masquinongy (Mitchill), in Lake St Clair, Michigan, USA reveals a new sublineage of the North American genotype. J Fish Dis. 2006;29:611-619.

Egusa S, editor. Infectious diseases of fish. New Delhi, India: Amerind Pub Co; 1992. Viral hemorrhagic septicemia (VHS); p. 8-20.

Fisheries Research and Development Organization. Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry. Commonwealth of Australia. Aquatic animal diseases significant to Australia: Identification field guide. 2nd edition [online]. Commonwealth of Australia; 2004. Differential diagnostic table. Available at:. http://www.disease-watch.com/documents/CD/index/index.htm. Accessed 31 Jul 2007.

Kahn CM, Line S, editors. The Merck veterinary manual [online]. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck and Co; 2003. Fish health management:  Viral diseases. Available at: http://www.merckvetmanual.com/mvm/index.jsp?cfile=htm/bc/170416.htm. Accessed 16 May 2007.

Schäperclaus W, Kulow H, Schreckenbach K, editors. Fish diseases, 5th ed. Rotterdam: AA Balkema; 1992. Viral hemorrhagic septicemia (VHS), infectious nephrotic swelling, and liver degeneration (INLD); p. 349-364.

Plum JA. Viral hemorrhagic necrosis. In: Couch JA, Fournie JW, editors. Pathobiology of marine and estuarine organisms. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press;1993. p. 30-32.

Skall HF, Olesen NJ, Mellergaard S. Prevalence of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus in Danish marine fishes and its occurrence in new host species. Dis Aquat Organ. 2005;66:145-151.

Skall HF, Olesen NJ, Mellergaard S. Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus in marine fish and its implications for fish farming--a review. J Fish Dis. 2005;28:509-529.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service [USDA APHIS], Centers for Epidemiology and Animal Health [CEI]. Viral hemorrhagic septicemia in the Great Lakes. Emerging Disease Notice. USDA APHIS, VS CEI; 2006 July. Available at: http://www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/ceah/cei/taf/emergingdiseasenotice_files/vhsgreatlakes.htm. Accessed 18 May 2007.

World Organization for Animal Health [OIE]. Manual of diagnostic tests for aquatic animals. Paris: OIE; 2006. General information. Available at: http://www.oie.int/eng/normes/fmanual/A_00017.htm. Accessed 16 May 2007.

World Organization for Animal Health [OIE]. Manual of diagnostic tests for aquatic animals. Paris: OIE; 2006. Viral haemorrhagic septicemia. Available at: http://www.oie.int/eng/normes/fmanual/A_00022.htm. Accessed 16 May 2007.