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EEDA Textbook References: Trypanosomiasis, African

Acha PN, Szyfres B [Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)]. Zoonoses and communicable diseases common to man and animals. Volume 3. Parasitoses.3rd ed. Washington DC: PAHO; 2003. Scientific and Technical Publication No. 580. African trypanosomiases; p. 3-10.

Achukwi MD, Tanya VN, Hill EW, Bradley DG, Meghen C, Sauveroche B, Banser JT, Ndoki JN. Susceptibility of the Namchi and Kapsiki cattle of Cameroon to trypanosome infection. Trop Anim Health Prod. 1997;29(4):219-26.

Batista JS, Oliveira AF, Rodrigues CM, Damasceno CA, Oliveira IR, Alves HM, Paiva ES, Brito PD, Medeiros JM, Rodrigues AC, Teixeira MM. Infection by Trypanosoma vivax in goats and sheep in the Brazilian semiarid region: From acute disease outbreak to chronic cryptic infection.Vet Parasitol. 2009 Jul 10. [Epub ahead of print]

Brown C. Trypanosomiasis, African. In: Foreign animal diseases. 7th edition. Boca Raton, FL: United States Animal Health Association; 2008. p. 405-9.

Dávila AM, Silva RA. Animal trypanosomiasis in South America. Current status, partnership, and information technology. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2000;916:199-212.

Desquesnes M, Dia ML. Mechanical transmission of Trypanosoma vivax in cattle by the African tabanid Atylotus fuscipes.Vet Parasitol. 2004;119(1):9-19.

Doko A, Verhulst A, Pandey VS, Van der Stuyft P. Artificially induced Trypanosoma brucei brucei infection in Lagune and Borgou cattle in Benin.Vet Parasitol. 1997;69(1-2):151-7.

Garner G, Saville P, Fediaevsky A. Manual for the recognition of exotic diseases of livestock: A reference guide for animal health staff [online]. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [FAO]; 2003. Trypanosomosis. Available at: Accessed 27 Aug 2009.

Gibson WC, Stevens JR, Mwendia CM, Ngotho JN, Ndung'u JM. Unravelling the phylogenetic relationships of African trypanosomes of suids. Parasitology. 2001;122(Pt 6):625-31.

Gow AG, Simpson JW, Picozzi K. First report of canine African trypanosomosis in the UK. J Small Anim Pract. 2007;48(11):658-61.

Gutierrez C, Corbera JA, Morales M, Büscher P. Trypanosomosis in goats: current status.Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2006;1081:300-10.

Jones TW, Dávila AM. Trypanosoma vivax--out of Africa. Trends Parasitol. 2001;17(2):99-101.

Kahn CM, Line S, editors. The Merck veterinary manual [online]. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck and Co; 2006. Trypanosomiasis. Available at: Accessed 29 Aug 2009.

Magona JW, Walubengo J, Odimin JT. Acute haemorrhagic syndrome of bovine trypanosomosis in Uganda. Acta Trop. 2008;107(2):186-91.

Njiokou F, Simo G, Nkinin SW, Laveissière C, Herder S. Infection rate of Trypanosoma brucei s.l., T. vivax, T. congolense "forest type", and T. simiae in small wild vertebrates in south Cameroon. Acta Trop. 2004;92(2):139-46.

Osório AL, Madruga CR, Desquesnes M, Soares CO, Ribeiro LR, Costa SC. Trypanosoma (Duttonella) vivax: its biology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, and introduction in the New World--a review. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2008;103(1):1-13.

Picozzi K, Carrington M, Welburn SC. A multiplex PCR that discriminates between Trypanosoma brucei brucei and zoonotic T. b. rhodesiense. Exp Parasitol. 2008;118(1):41-6.

Pinchbeck GL, Morrison LJ, Tait A, Langford J, Meehan L, Jallow S, Jallow J, Jallow A, Christley RM. Trypanosomosis in The Gambia: prevalence in working horses and donkeys detected by whole genome amplification and PCR, and evidence for interactions between trypanosome species. BMC Vet Res. 2008 20;4:7.Rahman AH. Observations on the trypanosomosis problem outside the tsetse belts of Sudan. Rev Sci Tech. 2005;24(3):965-72.

Simukoko H, Marcotty T, Phiri I, Geysen D, Vercruysse J, Van den Bossche P. The comparative role of cattle, goats and pigs in the epidemiology of livestock trypanosomiasis on the plateau of eastern Zambia. Vet Parasitol. 2007;147(3-4):231-8.

Sinshaw A, Abebe G, Desquesnes M, Yoni W. Biting flies and Trypanosoma vivax infection in three highland districts bordering lake Tana, Ethiopia. Vet Parasitol. 2006;142(1-2):35-46.

Vanhollebeke B, Truc P, Poelvoorde P, Pays A, Joshi PP, Katti R, Jannin JG, Pays E. Human Trypanosoma evansi infection linked to a lack of apolipoprotein L-I. N Engl J Med. 2006;355(26):2752-6.

World Organization for Animal Health [OIE] . Manual of diagnostic tests and vaccines for terrestrial animals [online]. Paris: OIE; 2008. Trypanosomosis (Tsetse-transmitted). Available at: Accessed 27 Aug 2009