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EEDA Textbook References: Newcastle Disease

Aldous EW, Alexander DJ. Newcastle disease in pheasants (Phasianus colchicus): a review. Vet J. 2008 ;175:181-5.

Alexander DJ. Newcastle disease. Br Poult Sci. 2001; 42:5-22.

California Department of Food and Agriculture [CDFA]. Biosecurity guidelines to prevent the spread of exotic Newcastle disease. Information for bird owners [online]. CDFA; 2002. Available at: Accessed 18 Jul 2008.

Chakrabarti S, King DJ, Afonso C, Swayne D, Cardona CJ, Kuney DR, Gerry AC. Detection and isolation of exotic Newcastle disease virus from field-collected flies. J Med Entomol. 2007;44:840-4.

Chen JP, Wang CH. Clinical epidemiologic and experimental evidence for the transmission of Newcastle disease virus through eggs. Avian Dis. 2002;46:461-5.

Falcon M. Exotic Newcastle disease. Semin Avian and Exot Pet Med. 2004;13 79-85.

Garner G, Saville P, Fediaevsky A. Manual for the recognition of exotic diseases of livestock: A reference guide for animal health staff [online]. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [FAO]; 2004. Newcastle disease. Available at: Accessed 5 Jul 2008.

Gerlach H. Paramyxovirus. In: Harrison GJ, Harrison LR., editors. Clinical avian medicine and surgery. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 1986. p. 421-426.

Glaser LC, Barker IK, Weseloh DV, Ludwig J, Windingstad RM, Key DW, Bollinger TK. The 1992 epizootic of Newcastle disease in double-crested cormorants in North America. J Wildl Dis. 1999;35:319-30.

Goebel SJ, Taylor J, Barr BC, Kiehn TE, Castro-Malaspina HR, Hedvat CV, Rush-Wilson KA, Kelly CD, Davis SW, Samsonoff WA, Hurst KR, Behr MJ, Masters PS. Isolation of avian paramyxovirus 1 from a patient with a lethal case of pneumonia. J Virol. 2007;81:12709-14.

Jørgensen PH, Herczeg J, Lomniczi B, Manvell RJ, Holm E, Alexander DJ. Isolation and characterization of avian paramyxovirus type 1 (Newcastle disease) viruses from a flock of ostriches (Struthio camelus) and emus (Dromaius novaehollandiae) in Europe with inconsistent serology. Avian Pathol. 1998;27:352-8.

Kahn CM, Line S, editors. The Merck veterinary manual [online]. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck and Co; 2006. Newcastle disease. Available at: Accessed 7 Jul 2008.

Kim LM, King DJ, Curry PE, Suarez DL, Swayne DE, Stallknecht DE, Slemons RD, Pedersen JC, Senne DA, Winker K, Afonso CL. Phylogenetic diversity among low-virulence newcastle disease viruses from waterfowl and shorebirds and comparison of genotype distributions to those of poultry-origin isolates. J Virol. 2007;81:12641-53.

Kinde H, Hullinger PJ, Charlton B, McFarland M, Hietala SK, Velez V, Case JT, Garber L, Wainwright SH, Mikolon AB, Breitmeyer RE, Ardans AA. The isolation of exotic Newcastle disease (END) virus from nonpoultry avian species associated with the epidemic of END in chickens in southern California: 2002-2003. Avian Dis. 2005;49:195-8.

Kinde H, Utterback W, Takeshita K, McFarland M. Survival of exotic Newcastle disease virus in commercial poultry environment following removal of infected chickens. Avian Dis. 2004;48:669-74.

King DJ. Newcastle disease. In: Foreign animal diseases. Boca Raton, FL: United States Animal Health Association, 2008. p. 343-349. In: Foreign Animal Diseases. Richmond, VA: United States Animal Health Association; 1998. p. 396-405.

Kuiken, T. 1999. Review of Newcastle disease in cormorants. Waterbirds 22: 333-347.

Lublin A, Mechani S, Siman-Tov Y, Weisman Y, Horowitz HI, Hatzofe O.  Sudden death of a bearded vulture (Gypaetus barbatus) possibly caused by Newcastle disease virus. Avian Dis. 2001;45:741-4.

Mathivanan B, Kumanan K, Mahalinga Nainar A. Characterization of a Newcastle disease virus isolated from apparently normal guinea fowl (Numida melagridis). Vet Res Commun. 2004;28:171-7.

Mishra S, Kataria JM, Sah RL, Verma KC, Mishra JP. Studies on the pathogenicity of Newcastle disease virus isolates in guinea fowl. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2001;33:313-20.

Olesiuk OM. Influence of environmental factors on viability of Newcastle disease virus. Am J Vet Res. 1951;12:152-5.

Piacenti AM, King DJ, Seal BS, Zhang J, Brown CC. Pathogenesis of Newcastle disease in commercial and specific pathogen-free turkeys experimentally infected with isolates of different virulence. Vet Pathol. 2006;43:168-78.

Roy P, Venugopalan AT, Manvell R. Characterization of Newcastle disease viruses isolated from chickens and ducks in Tamilnadu, India. Vet Res Commun. 2000;24:135-42.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service [USDA APHIS]. Exotic Newcastle disease. USDA APHIS; 2003 Jan. Available at: Accessed 14 Jul 2008.

Wakamatsu N, King DJ, Kapczynski DR, Seal BS, Brown CC. Experimental pathogenesis for chickens, turkeys, and pigeons of exotic Newcastle disease virus from an outbreak in California during 2002-2003. Vet Pathol. 2006;43:925-33.

Wan H, Chen L, Wu L, Liu X. Newcastle disease in geese: natural occurrence and experimental infection. Avian Pathol. 2004;33:216-21.

Watson DW, Niño EL, Rochon K, Denning S, Smith L, Guy JS. Experimental evaluation of Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae) as a vector of Newcastle disease virus. J Med Entomol. 2007;44:666-71.

World Organization for Animal Health [OIE] .Animal diseases data [online]. Paris: OIE; 2002. Newcastle disease. Available at: Accessed 7 Jul 2008.

World Organization for Animal Health [OIE]. Manual of diagnostic tests and vaccines for terrestrial animals [online]. Paris: OIE; 2004. Newcastle disease. Available at: Accessed 7 Jul 2008.

World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). World animal health information database (WAHID) [database online]. Newcastle disease: 2005 –2008. Paris:OIE;2007. Available at: Accessed 7 Jul 2008.