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EEDA Textbook References: Malignant Catarrhal Fever

Albini S, Zimmermann W, Neff F, Ehlers B, Häni H, Li H, Hüssy D, Engels M, Ackermann M. Identification and quantification of ovine gammaherpesvirus 2 DNA in fresh and stored tissues of pigs with symptoms of porcine malignant catarrhal fever. J Clin Microbiol. 2003;41:900-4.

Anderson IE, Buxton D, Campbell I, Russell G, Davis WC, Hamilton MJ, Haig DM.  Immunohistochemical study of experimental malignant catarrhal fever in rabbits. J Comp Pathol. 2007;136:156-66.

Brenner J, David D. Sheep-associated malignant catarrhal fever in cattle (SA-MCF). Recent clinical and epidemiological aspects in Israel. Isr J Vet Med. 2005;60: 19-22.

Crawford TB, Li H, Rosenburg SR, Norhausen RW, Garner MM. Mural folliculitis and alopecia caused by infection with goat-associated malignant catarrhal fever virus in two sika deer. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2002 15;221:843-7, 801.

Cunha CW, Traul DL, Taus NS, Oaks JL, O'Toole D, Davitt CM, Li H. Detection of ovine herpesvirus 2 major capsid gene transcripts as an indicator of virus replication in shedding sheep and clinically affected animals. Virus Res. 2008;132:69-75.

Garner G, Saville P, Fediaevsky A. Manual for the recognition of exotic diseases of livestock: A reference guide for animal health staff [online]. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [FAO]; 2003. B114 – Malignant catarrhal fever. Available at: Accessed 21 Apr 2008.

Fraser HI, Heide BWJ, Hicks CD, Otto SJG. Malignant catarrhal fever [online]. 2000 Mar. Available at:* Accessed 11 Sept. 2001.

Heuschele WP. Malignant catarrhal fever. In: Foreign animal diseases. Richmond, VA: United States Animal Health Association, 1998. Available at: Accessed 22 Apr 2008.

Jacobsen B, Thies K, von Altrock A, Förster C, König M, Baumgärtner W. Malignant catarrhal fever-like lesions associated with ovine herpesvirus-2 infection in three goats. Vet Microbiol. 2007;124:353-7.

Kahn CM, Line S, editors. The Merck veterinary manual [online]. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck and Co; 2003. Malignant catarrhal fever. Available at: . Accessed 22 Apr 2008.

Keel MK, Patterson JG, Noon TH, Bradley GA, Collins JK. Caprine herpesvirus-2 in association with naturally occurring malignant catarrhal fever in captive sika deer (Cervus nippon). J Vet Diagn Invest. 2003;15:179-83.

Kleiboeker SB, Miller MA, Schommer SK, Ramos-Vara JA, Boucher M, Turnquist SE. Detection and multigenic characterization of a herpesvirus associated with malignant catarrhal fever in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) from Missouri. J Clin Microbiol. 2002;40:1311-8.

Li H, Dyer N, Keller J, Crawford TB. Newly recognized herpesvirus causing malignant catarrhal fever in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). J Clin Microbiol. 2000;38:1313-8.

Li H, Gailbreath K, Bender LC, West K, Keller J, Crawford TB. Evidence of three new members of malignant catarrhal fever virus group in muskox (Ovibos moschatus), Nubian ibex (Capra nubiana), and gemsbok (Oryx gazella). J Wildl Dis. 2003;39:875-80.

Li H, Gailbreath K, Flach EJ, Taus NS, Cooley J, Keller J, Russell GC, Knowles DP, Haig DM, Oaks JL, Traul DL, Crawford TB. A novel subgroup of rhadinoviruses in ruminants. J Gen Virol. 2005;86:3021-6.

Li H, Keller J, Knowles DP, Crawford TB. Recognition of another member of the malignant catarrhal fever virus group: an endemic gammaherpesvirus in domestic goats. J Gen Virol. 2001;82:227-32.

Li H, O'Toole D, Kim O, Oaks JL, Crawford TB. Malignant catarrhal fever-like disease in sheep after intranasal inoculation with ovine herpesvirus-2. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2005;17:171-5.

Li H, Taus NS, Lewis GS, Kim O, Traul DL Crawford TB. Shedding of ovine herpesvirus 2 in sheep nasal secretions: the predominant mode for transmission. J Clin Microbiol. 2004;42:5558-64.

Li H, Wunschmann A, Keller J, Hall DG, Crawford TB. Caprine herpesvirus-2-associated malignant catarrhal fever in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). J Vet Diagn Invest. 2003;15:46-9.

Munday JS, French AF, Smith A, Wang J, Squires RA. Probable malignant catarrhal fever presented as transient generalised crusting dermatitis in a cow. N Z Vet J. 2008;56:89-93.

Okeson DM, Garner MM, Taus NS, Li H, Coke RL .Ibex-associated malignant catarrhal fever in a bongo antelope (Tragelaphus euryceros). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2007;38:460-4.

O'Toole D, Taus NS, Montgomery DL, Oaks JL, Crawford TB, Li H. Intra-nasal inoculation of American bison (Bison bison) with ovine herpesvirus-2 (OvHV-2) reliably reproduces malignant catarrhal fever. Vet Pathol. 2007;44:655-62.

O'Toole D, Li H, Sourk C, Montgomery DL, Crawford TB. Malignant catarrhal fever in a bison (Bison bison) feedlot, 1993-2000. Vet Diagn Invest. 2002;14:183-93.

Powers JG, VanMetre DC, Collins JK, Dinsmore RP, Carman J, Patterson G, Brahmbhatt D, Callan RJ Evaluation of ovine herpesvirus type 2 infections, as detected by competitive inhibition ELISA and polymerase chain reaction assay, in dairy cattle without clinical signs of malignant catarrhal fever. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2005;227:606-11.

Schultheiss PC, Van Campen H, Spraker TR, Bishop C, Wolfe L, Podell B. Malignant catarrhal fever associated with ovine herpesvirus-2 in free-ranging mule deer in Colorado. J Wildl Dis. 2007;43:533-7.

Schultheiss PC, Collins JK, Spraker TR, DeMartini JC.Epizootic malignant catarrhal fever in three bison herds: differences from cattle and association with ovine herpesvirus-2. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2000;12:497–502.

Syrjälä P, Saarinen H, Laine T, Kokkonen T, Veijalainen P. Malignant catarrhal fever in pigs and a genetic comparison of porcine and ruminant virus isolates in Finland. Vet Rec. 2006;159:406-9.

Taus NS, Traul DL, Oaks JL, Crawford TB, Lewis GS, Li H. Experimental infection of sheep with ovine herpesvirus 2 via aerosolization of nasal secretions. J Gen Virol. 2005;86:575-9.

United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services [USDA APHIS, VS]. Malignant catarrhal fever [online]. USDA ; 2000. Available at:* Accessed 10 Sept. 2001.

van Wuijckhuise-Sjouke L, Knibbe GC. [Large outbreak of malignant catarrhal fever in cattle] Tijdschr Diergeneeskd. 2007 1;132:732-4.

Vikøren T, Li H, Lillehaug A, Jonassen CM, Böckerman I, Handeland K. Malignant catarrhal fever in free-ranging cervids associated with OvHV-2 and CpHV-2 DNA. J Wildl Dis. 2006;42:797-807.

Whitaker KA, Wessels ME, Campbell I, Russell GC. Outbreak of wildebeest-associated malignant catarrhal fever in Ankole cattle. Vet Rec. 2007;161:692-5.

World Organization for Animal Health [OIE] . Manual of diagnostic tests and vaccines for terrestrial animals [online]. Paris: OIE; 2004. Malignant catarrhal fever. Available at: Accessed 22 Apr 2008.

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