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EEDA Textbook References: Louping Ill

Acha PN, Szyfres B [Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)]. Zoonoses and communicable diseases common to man and animals. Volume 2. Chlamydioses, rickettsioses, and viroses. 3rd ed. Washington DC: PAHO; 2003. Scientific and Technical Publication No. 580. Louping ill; p 189-193.

Animal Health Australia. The National Animal Health Information System (NAHIS). Louping Ill [online]. Available at: http://www.* Accessed  3 Oct 2001.

Brown C. Louping ill. In: Foreign animal diseases. Boca Raton, FL: United States Animal Health Association; 2008. p. 321-4.

Buxton D, Reid HW. Experimental infection of red grouse with louping-ill virus (flavivirus group). II. Neuropathology. J Comp Pathol. 1975;85(2):231-5.

Callan RJ, Van Metre DC. Viral diseases of the ruminant nervous system. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract. 2004;20(2):327-62.

Charrel RN, Attoui H, Butenko AM, Clegg JC, Deubel V, Frolova TV, Gould EA, Gritsun TS, Heinz FX, Labuda M, Lashkevich VA, Loktev V, Lundkvist A, Lvov DV, Mandl CW, Niedrig M, Papa A, Petrov VS, Plyusnin A, Randolph S, Süss J, Zlobin VI, de Lamballerie X. Tick-borne virus diseases of human interest in Europe. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2004;10(12):1040-55.

Cranwell MP, Josephson M, Willoughby K, Marriott L. Louping ill in an alpaca. Vet Rec. 2008;162(1):28.

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs [DEFRA]. Summary profile for louping ill [online]. Available at: Accessed 20 Aug 2009.

Doherty PC, Reid HW. Experimental louping-ill in sheep and lambs. II. Neuropathology. J Comp Pathol. 1971;81(3):331-7.

Gilbert L, Jones LD, Hudson PJ, Gould EA, Reid HW. Role of small mammals in the persistence of louping-ill virus: field survey and tick co-feeding studies. Med Vet Entomol. 2000;14(3):277-82.

Gilbert L, Jones LD, Laurenson MK, Gould EA, Reid HW, Hudson PJ. Ticks need not bite their red grouse hosts to infect them with louping ill virus. Proc Biol Sci. 2004;271 Suppl 4:S202-5.

Gould EA, Solomon T. Pathogenic flaviviruses. Lancet. 2008;371:500-9

Grard G, Moureau G, Charrel RN, Lemasson JJ, Gonzalez JP, Gallian P, Gritsun TS, Holmes EC, Gould EA, de Lamballerie X. Genetic characterization of tick-borne flaviviruses: new insights into evolution, pathogenetic determinants and taxonomy.Virology. 2007;361(1):80-92.

Hyde J, Nettleton P, Marriott L, Willoughby K. Louping ill in horses. Vet Rec. 2007;160(15):532.

International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses Universal Virus Database [ICTVdB] Management. Flavivirus. In: Büchen-Osmond C, editor. ICTVdB - The universal virus database, version 4 [online]. New York: Columbia University; 2006. Available at: Accessed 17 Aug 2009.

Jones LD, Gaunt M, Hails RS, Laurenson K, Hudson PJ, Reid H, Henbest P, Gould EA. Transmission of louping ill virus between infected and uninfected ticks co-feeding on mountain hares. Med Vet Entomol. 1997;11(2):172-6.

Kahn CM, Line S, editors. The Merck veterinary manual [online]. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck and Co; 2006. Louping ill. Available at: . Accessed 17 Aug 2009.

Kallio-Kokko H, Uzcategui N, Vapalahti O, Vaheri A. Viral zoonoses in Europe. FEMS Microbiol Rev. 2005;29(5):1051-77.

Macaldowie C, Patterson IA, Nettleton PF, Low H, Buxton D. Louping ill in llamas (Lama glama) in the Hebrides.Vet Rec. 2005;156(13):420-1.

Marriott L, Willoughby K, Chianini F, Dagleish MP, Scholes S, Robinson AC, Gould EA, Nettleton PF. Detection of louping ill virus in clinical specimens from mammals and birds using TaqMan RT-PCR. J Virol Methods. 2006;137(1):21-8.

Moseley MH, Marriott L, Nettleton P, Dukes J, Irvine RJ, Mougeot F. Use of real-time RT-PCR to determine the prevalence of louping ill virus in live red grouse chicks. Vet Rec. 2007;161(19):660-1.

Reid HW. Experimental infection of red grouse with louping-ill virus (flavivirus group). I. The viraemia and antibody response. J Comp Pathol. 1975;85(2):223-9.

Reid HW, Doherty PC. Experimental louping-ill in sheep and lambs. I. Viraemia and the antibody response. J Comp Pathol. 1971;81(2):291-8.

Reid HW, Duncan JS, Phillips JD, Moss R, Watson A. Studies of louping-ill virus (Flavivirus group) in wild red grouse (Lagopus lagopus scoticus).J Hyg (Lond). 1978;81(2):321-9.

Reid HW, Moss R, Pow I, Buxton D. The response of three grouse species (Tetrao urogallus, Lagopus mutus, Lagopus lagopus) to louping-ill virus. J Comp Pathol. 1980;90(2):257-63.

Sinclair R, Boone SA, Greenberg D, Keim P, Gerba CP. Persistence of category A select agents in the environment. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2008;74(3):555-63.

Timoney PJ.Susceptibility of the horse to experimental inoculation with louping ill virus. J Comp Pathol. 1980;90(1):73-86.

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