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EEDA Textbook References: Equine Piroplasmosis

Ali S, Sugimoto C Onuma M. Equine piroplasmosis. J Equine Sci. 1996;7: 67-77.

Acha PN, Szyfres B (Pan American Health Organization [PAHO]). Zoonoses and communicable diseases common to man and animals. Volume 3. Parasitoses. 3rd ed. Washington DC: PAHO; 2003. Scientific and Technical Publication No. 580. Babesiosis; p.15-20.

Allsopp MT, Lewis BD, Penzhorn BL. Molecular evidence for transplacental transmission of Theileria equi from carrier mares to their apparently healthy foals. Vet Parasitol. 2007;148:130-136.

Animal Health Australia. The National Animal Health Information System (NAHIS). Equine piroplasmosis [online]. Available at: http://www.
disease/dislist.asp.* Accessed 3 Oct 2001.

Barros CSL. Babesiosis. In: Foreign animal diseases. 7th edition. Boca Raton, FL: United States Animal Health Association; 2008.p.147-157.

Beaver PC, Jung RC, Cupp EW. Clinical parasitology. 9th ed. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger; 1984. Family Babesiidae; p. 205-212.

Bowhill T. Equine piroplasmosis, or "biliary fever.". J Hyg (Lond). 1905;5: 7-17.

Brooks L, Cordes T, Knowles D, Stiller D. Piroplasmosis of horses: What is known concerning transmission and disease risk? J Equine Vet Sci. 1996; 16:184-188.

Bruning E. Equine piroplasmosis. An update on diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Br Vet J. 1996;152:139–151.

Butler CM, Nijhof AM, van der Kolk JH, de Haseth OB, Taoufik A, Jongejan F, Houwers DJ. Repeated high dose imidocarb dipropionate treatment did not eliminate Babesia caballi from naturally infected horses as determined by PCR-reverse line blot hybridization. Vet Parasitol. 2008;151:320-2.

Criado A, Martinez J, Buling A, Barba JC, Merino S, Jefferies R, Irwin PJ. New data on epizootiology and genetics of piroplasms based on sequences of small ribosomal subunit and cytochrome b genes. Vet Parasitol 2006;142:238-247.

Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Animal Industry [FDACS]. Equine piroplasmosis update [online].FDACS; 2008 Aug. Available at: Accessed 28 Aug 2008.

Holman PJ, Hietala SK, Kayashima LR, Olson D, Waghela SD, Wagner GG. Case report: field-acquired subclinical Babesia equi infection confirmed by in vitro culture. J Clin Microbiol. 1997;35:474-6.

Hunfeld KP, Brade V. Zoonotic Babesia: possibly emerging pathogens to be considered for tick-infested humans in Central Europe. Int J Med Microbiol. 2004;293 Suppl 37:93-103.

Levine ND. Veterinary protozoology. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press; 1985. p 414.

Kahn CM, Line S, editors. The Merck veterinary manual [online]. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck and Co; 2006. Other important Babesia  of domestic animals. Available at: Accessed 26 Aug 2008.

Ogunremi O, Halbert G, Mainar-Jaime R, Benjamin J, Pfister K, Lopez-Rebollar L, Georgiadis MP. Accuracy of an indirect fluorescent-antibody test and of a complement-fixation test for the diagnosis of Babesia caballi in field samples from horses. Prev Vet Med. 2008;83:41-51.

Ueti MW, Palmer GH, Scoles GA, Kappmeyer LS, Knowles DP. Persistently infected horses are reservoirs for intrastadial tick-borne transmission of the apicomplexan parasite Babesia equi. Infect Immun. 2008;76:3525-9.

Uilenberg G. Babesia--a historical overview. Vet Parasitol. 2006;138:3-10.

United States Animal Health Association [USAHA]. Committee on Infectious Diseases of Horses. Resolution No. 9: Equine piroplasmosis [online]. USHA; 2006 Oct. Available at: Accessed 29 Aug 2008.

United States Department of Agriculture. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service [USDA APHIS]. Equine piroplasmosis and the 1996 Atlanta Olympic Games [online]. USDA APHIS; 1995 Dec. Available at:* Accessed 17 Oct 2001.

World Organization for Animal Health [OIE] Handistatus II [database online]. OIE; 2004. Available at: Accessed 28 Aug 2008.
World Organization for Animal Health [OIE]. Manual of diagnostic tests and vaccines for terrestrial animals [online]. Paris: OIE; 2008. Equine piroplasmosis. Available at: Accessed 26 Aug 2008.

World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). World animal health information database (WAHID) [database online]. Equine piroplasmosis: January 2005 –August 2008. Paris:OIE;2008. Available at: Accessed 28 Aug 2008.

Zobba R, Ardu M, Niccolini S, Chessa B, Manna L, Cocco R, Parpagliae MLP. Clinical and laboratory findings in equine piroplasmosis. J Equine Vet Sci. 2008; 28: 301-8.

*Link defunct as of 2008.