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EEDA Textbook References: Echinococcosis

Acha PN, Szyfres B (Pan American Health Organization [PAHO]). Zoonoses and communicable diseases common to man and animals. Volume 3. Parasitoses. 3rd ed. Washington DC: PAHO; 2003. Scientific and Technical Publication No. 580. Hydatidosis; p. 184-199.

Aiello SE, Mays A, editors. The Merck veterinary manual. 8th ed. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck and Co; 1998. Cestodes of public health importance; p 320-322.

Animal Health Australia. National Animal Health Information System (NAHIS). Echinococcosis. NAHIS; 2004 Apr. Available at:* Accessed 28 Oct 2004.

Beaver PC, Jung RC, Cupp EW. Clinical parasitology. 9th ed. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger; 1984. Genus Echinococcus; p. 527-538.

Binhazim AA, Harmon BG, Roberson EL, Boerner M. Hydatid disease in a horse [abstract]. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1992;200:958-60.

Bowman DD, Barr SC,  Hendrix CM, Lindsay DS. Gastrointestinal parasites of cats. In: Bowman DD, editor. Companion and exotic animal parasitology. Ithaca, NY: International Veterinary Information Service [IVIS]; 2003 Jan. Available at: Accessed 28 Oct 2004.

Brophy J, Peregrine AS. Parasitic zoonoses of dogs and cats; a medical and veterinary perspective in Canada. Conference Proceedings, Ontario Veterinary Medical Association (OVMA), Westin Harbour Castle, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 29-31 January, 2009;Milton: Ontario Veterinary Medical Association (OVMA), 2009, unpaginated (Conference paper) AN: 20093137213

Bruzinskaite R, Sarkūnas M, Torgerson PR, Mathis A, Deplazes P. Echinococcosis in pigs and intestinal infection with Echinococcus spp. in dogs in southwestern Lithuania.Vet Parasitol. 2009;160(3-4):237-41.

Casulli A, Manfredi MT, La Rosa G, Cerbo AR, Genchi C, Pozio E. Echinococcus ortleppi and E. granulosus G1, G2 and G3 genotypes in Italian bovines. Vet Parasitol. 2008;155(1-2):168-72.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC]. Alveolar echinococcosis [online].CDC; 2008 Mar. Available at: Accessed 2 Oct 2009.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC]. Echinococcosis [online]. Available at: Accessed 2 Oct 2009.

Craig PS, McManus DP, Lightowlers MW, Chabalgoity JA, Garcia HH, Gavidia CM, Gilman RH, Gonzalez AE, Lorca M, Naquira C, Nieto A, Schantz PM. Prevention and control of cystic echinococcosis. Lancet Infect Dis. 2007;7(6):385-94.

D'Alessandro A, Rausch RL. New aspects of neotropical polycystic (Echinococcus vogeli) and unicystic (Echinococcus oligarthrus) echinococcosis. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2008;21(2):380-401.

Deplazes P, Eckert J. Veterinary aspects of alveolar echinococcosis--a zoonosis of public health significance. Vet Parasitol. 2001;98:65-87.

Eckert J, Deplazes P. Biological, epidemiological, and clinical aspects of echinococcosis, a zoonosis of increasing concern. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2004;17(1):107-35.

Garner G, Saville P, Fediaevsky A. Manual for the recognition of exotic diseases of livestock: A reference guide for animal health staff [monograph online]. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [FAO] Secretariat of the Pacific Community. B053. Echinococcosis-hydatidosis. Available at:
Accessed 3 Nov 2004.

Gottstein B. Hydatid disease In: Cohen J, Powderly W, editors. Infectious diseases. 2nd ed. London: Mosby; 2003. p. 169.1-169.6

Herenda D, Chambers PG, Ettriqui A, Seneviratna P, da Silva TJP. Manual on meat inspection for developing countries. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [FAO] Animal Production and Health Paper 119 [monograph online]. FAO; 1994. Specific diseases of cattle: Hydatid disease (hydatidosis, echinococcosis). Available at: Accessed 4 Nov 2004.

Heyneman D. Cestodes [monograph online]. In Baron S, editor. Medical Microbiology. 4th ed. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1996. Available at: Accessed 28 Oct 2004.

Hoberg EP, Miller S, Brown MA. Echinococcus granulosus (Taeniidae) and autochthonous echinococcosis in a North American horse [abstract]. J Parasitol. 1994;80:141-4.

Hüttner M, Nakao M, Wassermann T, Siefert L, Boomker JD, Dinkel A, Sako Y, Mackenstedt U, Romig T, Ito A. Genetic characterization and phylogenetic position of Echinococcus felidis (Cestoda: Taeniidae) from the African lion. Int J Parasitol. 2008;38(7):861-8.

Hüttner M, Romig T. Echinococcus species in African wildlife. Parasitology. 2009;136(10):1089-95.

Jenkins DJ, Romig T, Thompson RC. Emergence/ re-emergence of Echinococcus spp.--a global update. Int J Parasitol. 2005;35(11-12):1205-19.

Junghanss T, da Silva AM, Horton J, Chiodini PL, Brunetti E. Clinical management of cystic echinococcosis: state of the art, problems, and perspectives.Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2008;79(3):301-11.

Keshavarz R, Mousavi MA, Horga MA. Echinococcosis [monograph online].; 2003 Feb. Available at: Accessed 9 Oct 2004.

Kittelberger R, Reichel MP, Jenner J, Heath DD, Lightowlers MW, Moro P, Ibrahem MM, Craig PS, O’Keefe JS. Evaluation of three enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) for the detection of serum antibodies in sheep infected with Echinococcus granulosus. Vet Parasitol. 2002;110:57-76.

Maillard S, Benchikh-Elfegoun MC, Knapp J, Bart JM, Koskei P, Gottstein B, Piarroux R. Taxonomic position and geographical distribution of the common sheep G1 and camel G6 strains of Echinococcus granulosus in three African countries.Parasitol Res. 2007;100(3):495-503.

Maillard S, Gottstein B, Haag KL, Ma S, Colovic I, Benchikh-Elfegoun MC, Knapp J, Piarroux R. The tandemly repeated multilocus microsatellite EmsB: a new tool to investigate the genetic diversity of Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato. J Clin Microbiol. 2009 Sep 9. [Epub ahead of print]

Manterola C, Benavente F, Melo A, Vial M, Roa JC. Description of Echinococcus granulosus genotypes in human hydatidosis in a region of southern Chile. Parasitol Int. 2008;57(3):342-6.

Mayberry C. Hydatid disease. Department of Agriculture, Western Australia; 2002. Farmnote No. 37.

Mora R, Irizarry L. Tapeworm infestation [monograph online].; 2002 Sep. Available at: Accessed 9 Oct 2004.

Moro P, Schantz PM. Cystic echinococcosis in the Americas.  Parasitology International 2006:55;S181-S186.

Moro P, Schantz PM. Echinococcosis: a review. Int J Infect Dis. 2009;13(2):125-33.

Pednekar RP, Gatne ML, Thompson RC, Traub RJ. Molecular and morphological characterisation of Echinococcus from food producing animals in India. Vet Parasitol. 2009;165(1-2):58-65.

Permin A, Hansen JW. Review of echinococcosis/hydatidosis: a zoonotic parasitic disease. World Anim Rev [serial online]. 1994:78. Available at: Accessed 28 Oct 2004.

Public Health Agency of Canada. Material Safety Data Sheet – Echinococcus granulosus. Canadian Laboratory Centre for Disease Control; 2001 Jan. Available at: Accessed 2 Oct 2009.

Public Health Agency of Canada. Material Safety Data Sheet – Echinococcus multilocularis. Canadian Laboratory Centre for Disease Control 2001 Jan. Available at: Accessed 2 Oct 2009.

Rinaldi L, Maurelli MP, Capuano F, Perugini AG, Veneziano V, Cringoli S. Molecular update on cystic echinococcosis in cattle and water buffaloes of southern Italy. Zoonoses Public Health. 2008;55(2):119-23.

Romig T, Dinkel A, Mackenstedt U. The present situation of echinococcosis in Europe. Parasitol Int. 2006;55 Suppl:S187-91.

Somily A, Robinson JL, Miedzinsky LJ, Bhargava R, Marrie TJ. Echinococcal disease in Alberta, Canada; more than a calcified opacity. BMC Infectious Diseases 2005:5;34.

Snábel V, Altintas N, D'Amelio S, Nakao M, Romig T, Yolasigmaz A, Gunes K, Turk M, Busi M, Hüttner M, Sevcová D, Ito A, Altintas N, Dubinský P. Cystic echinococcosis in Turkey: genetic variability and first record of the pig strain (G7) in the country. Parasitol Res. 2009;105(1):145-54.

Sréter T, Széll Z, Egyed Z, Varga I. Echinococcus multilocularis: an emerging pathogen in Hungary and Central Eastern Europe? Emerg Infect Dis. 2003;9:384-6.

Staebler S, Grimm F, Glaus T, Kapel CM, Haller M, Hasler A, Hanosset R, Deplazes P. Serological diagnosis of canine alveolar echinococcosis. Vet Parasitol. 2006;141(3-4):243-50.

Tappe D, Stich A, Frosch M. Emergence of polycystic neotropical echinococcosis. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008;14(2):292-7.

Thompson RC. The taxonomy, phylogeny and transmission of Echinococcus. Exp Parasitol. 2008;119(4):439-46.

Varcasia A, Canu S, Kogkos A, Pipia AP, Scala A, Garippa G, Seimenis A. Molecular characterization of Echinococcus granulosus in sheep and goats of Peloponnesus, Greece. Parasitol Res. 2007;101(4):1135-9.

Varcasia A, Garippa G, Pipia AP, Scala A, Brianti E, Giannetto S, Battelli G, Poglayen G, Micagni G. Cystic echinococcosis in equids in Italy. Parasitol Res. 2008;102(4):815-8.

Villalobos N, González LM, Morales J, de Aluja AS, Jiménez MI, Blanco MA, Harrison LJ, Parkhouse RM, Gárate T. Molecular identification of Echinococcus granulosus genotypes (G1 and G7) isolated from pigs in Mexico. Vet Parasitol. 2007;147(1-2):185-9.

Williams JF, Zajac A. Diagnosis of gastrointestinal parasitism in dogs and cats. St. Louis, MO: Ralston Purina; 1980. Cestodes; p. 7-15.

World Organization for Animal Health [OIE] . Manual of diagnostic tests and vaccines for terrestrial animals [online]. Paris: OIE; 2008. Echinococcosis/hydatidosis. Available at: Accessed 15 Sept 2009.

Xiao N, Li TY, Qiu JM, Nakao M, Chen XW, Nakaya K, Yamasaki H, Schantz PM, Craig PS, Ito A. The Tibetan hare Lepus oiostolus: a novel intermediate host for Echinococcus multilocularis. Parasitol Res. 2004;92(4):352-3.

Xiao N, Nakao M, Qiu J, Budke CM, Giraudoux P, Craig PS, Ito A. Dual infection of animal hosts with different Echinococcus species in the eastern Qinghai-Tibet plateau region of China. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2006;75(2):292-4.

Zhang W, Li J, McManus DP. Concepts in immunology and diagnosis of hydatid disease. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2003;16:18-36.

Zhao YM, Tong SX, Jing T, Chong SG, Cai XP, Jing ZZ, Han J. [Investigation on echinococcosis in animals in Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture]. Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi. 2009;27(1):27-30.

Zitouna MM, Boubaker S, Dellagi K, Ben Safta Z, Hadj Salah H, Robbana M, Ben Rachid MS. [Alveolar echinococcosis in Tunisia. Apropos of 2 cases].Bull Soc Pathol Exot Filiales. 1985;78(5 Pt 2):723-8.

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