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EEDA Textbook References: Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli Infections

Alam MJ, Zurek L. Seasonal prevalence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in beef cattle feces. J Food Prot. 2006;69(12):3018-20.

Animal Health Australia. The National Animal Health Information System [NAHIS] E. coli 0111, 0157 [online]. Available at:–bin/aphb/ahsq?dislist=alpha.* Accessed 8 Oct 2002.

Ateba CN, Bezuidenhout CC. Characterisation of Escherichia coli O157 strains from humans, cattle and pigs in the North-West Province, South Africa. Int J Food Microbiol. 2008;128(2):181-8.

Avery LM, Williams AP, Killham K, Jones DL.Survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in waters from lakes, rivers, puddles and animal-drinking troughs. Sci Total Environ. 2008;389(2-3):378-85.

Bielaszewska M, Köck R, Friedrich AW, von Eiff C, Zimmerhackl LB, Karch H, Mellmann A. Shiga toxin-mediated hemolytic uremic syndrome: time to change the diagnostic paradigm? PLoS ONE. 2007;2(10):e1024.

Buchanan RL, Doyle MP. Foodborne disease significance of Escherichia coli 0157:H7 and other enterohemorrhagic E coli. Food Technol.1997;51(10): 69–76.

Busch U, Hörmansdorfer S, Schranner S, Huber I, Bogner KH, Sing A. Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli excretion by child and her cat. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007;13(2):348-9.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC]. Division of Foodborne, Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases [DFBMD]. Escherichia coli [online]. CDC DFBMD; 2008 Mar. Available at: Accessed 3 Mar 2009.

Chalmers RM, Salmon RL, Willshaw GA, Cheasty T, Looker N, Davies I, Wray C. Vero-cytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 in a farmer handling horses. Lancet. 1997;349(9068):1816.

Chase-Topping M, Gally D, Low C, Matthews L, Woolhouse M. Super-shedding and the link between human infection and livestock carriage of Escherichia coli O157. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2008;6(12):904-12.

Cobbaut K, Houf K, Douidah L, Van Hende J, De Zutter L. Alternative sampling to establish the Escherichia coli O157 status on beef cattle farms. Vet Microbiol. 2008;132(1-2):205-10.

Cornick NA, Vukhac H. Indirect transmission of Escherichia coli O157:H7 occurs readily among swine but not among sheep. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2008;74(8):2488-91.

DebRoy C, Roberts E. Screening petting zoo animals for the presence of potentially pathogenic Escherichia coli. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2006;18(6):597-600.

Dipineto L, Santaniello A, Fontanella M, Lagos K, Fioretti A, Menna LF. Presence of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 in living layer hens. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2006;43(3):293-5.

Dunn JR, Keen JE, Moreland D, Alex T. Prevalence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in white-tailed deer from Louisiana. J Wildl Dis. 2004;40(2):361-5.

Ejidokun OO, Walsh A, Barnett J, Hope Y, Ellis S, Sharp MW, Paiba GA, Logan M, Willshaw GA, Cheasty T. Human Vero cytotoxigenic Escherichia coli (VTEC) O157 infection linked to birds. Epidemiol Infect. 2006;134(2):421-3.

Fenwick B. E. coli O157 food poisoning/HUS in dogs [online]. 1996. Available at:––157–HUS.html.* Accessed 12 Nov 2002.

Fremaux B, Prigent-Combaret C, Vernozy-Rozand C. Long-term survival of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in cattle effluents  and environment: an updated review. Vet Microbiol. 2008;132(1-2):1-18.

Foster G, Evans J, Knight HI, Smith AW, Gunn GJ, Allison LJ, Synge BA, Pennycott. Analysis of feces samples collected from a wild-bird garden feeding station in Scotland for the presence of verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli O157. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006;72(3):2265-7.

Garcia A, Bosques CJ, Wishnok JS, Feng Y, Karalius BJ, Butterton JR, Schauer DB, Rogers AB, Fox JG. Renal injury is a consistent finding in Dutch Belted rabbits experimentally infected with enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli. J Infect Dis. 2006;193(8):1125-34.

García A, Fox JG. The rabbit as a new reservoir host of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli. Emerg Infect Dis. 2003;9(12):1592-7.

García-Sánchez A, Sánchez S, Rubio R, Pereira G, Alonso JM, Hermoso de Mendoza J, Rey J. Presence of Shiga toxin-producing E. coli O157:H7 in a survey of wild artiodactyls. Vet Microbiol. 2007;121(3-4):373-7.

Guentzel, MN. Escherichia, Klebsiella, Enterobacter, Serratia, Citrobacter and Proteus. In: Baron S, editor. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1996. Available at: Accessed 12 Nov 2002.

Jenkins C, Evans J, Chart H, Willshaw GA, Frankel G. Escherichia coli serogroup O26--a new look at an old adversary. J Appl Microbiol. 2008;104(1):14-25.

Karama M, Johnson RP, Holtslander R, Gyles CL. Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli O103:H2 isolates from cattle and humans. J Clin Microbiol. 2008;46(11):3569-75.

Karch H, Tarr PI, Bielaszewska M. Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli in human medicine. Int J Med Microbiol. 2005;295(6-7):405-18.

Keen JE, Wittum TE, Dunn JR, Bono JL, Durso LM. Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli O157 in agricultural fair livestock, United States. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006;12(5):780-6.

Lee JH, Hur J, Stein BD.Occurrence and characteristics of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O26 and O111 in calves associated with diarrhea. Vet J. 2008;176(2):205-9.

Leomil L, Pestana de Castro AF, Krause G, Schmidt H, Beutin L. Characterization of two major groups of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli O26 strains which are globally spread in human patients and domestic animals of different species. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2005;249(2):335-42.

Low JC, McKendrick IJ, McKechnie C, Fenlon D, Naylor SW, Currie C, Smith DG, Allison L, Gally DL. Rectal carriage of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157 in slaughtered cattle. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2005;71(1):93-7.

Matthews L, Low JC, Gally DL, Pearce MC, Mellor DJ, Heesterbeek JA, Chase-Topping M, Naylor SW, Shaw DJ, Reid SW, Gunn GJ, Woolhouse ME. Heterogeneous shedding of Escherichia coli O157 in cattle and its implications for control. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006;103(3):547-52.

Naylor SW, Gally DL, Low JC. Enterohaemorrhagic E. coli in veterinary medicine. Int J Med Microbiol. 2005;295(6-7):419-41.

Naylor SW, Nart P, Sales J, Flockhart A, Gally DL, Low JC. Impact of the direct application of therapeutic agents to the terminal recta of experimentally colonized calves on Escherichia coli O157:H7 shedding. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2007;73(5):1493-500.

Porter RS, Kaplan JL, Homeier BP, Beers MH, editors. The Merck manual of diagnosis and therapy [online]. 18th ed. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck and Co.;2005. Escherichia coli infections. Available at: Accessed 3 Mar 2009.

Public Health Agency of Canada. Material Safety Data Sheet – Escherichia coli, enterohemorrhagic. Office of Laboratory Security; 2001 Jan. Available at: Accessed 2 Mar 2009.

Rasmussen MA, Casey TA.Environmental and food safety aspects of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections in cattle. Crit Rev Microbiol. 2001;27(2):57-73.

Reinstein S, Fox JT, Shi X, Alam MJ, Nagaraja TG. Prevalence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in the American bison (Bison bison). J Food Prot. 2007;70(11):2555-60.

Renter DG, Sargeant JM. Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157: epidemiology and ecology in bovine production environments. Anim Health Res Rev. 2002 ;3(2):83-94.

Sargeant JM, Amezcua MR, Rajic A, Waddell L. Pre-harvest interventions to reduce the shedding of E. coli O157 in the faeces of weaned domestic ruminants: a systematic review. Zoonoses Public Health. 2007;54(6-7):260-77.

Sass DA, Chopra KB, Regueiro MD. Pancreatitis and E. coli O157:H7 colitis without hemolytic uremic syndrome. Dig Dis Sci. 2003;48(2):415-6.

Scaife HR, Cowan D, Finney J, Kinghorn-Perry SF, Crook B. Wild rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) as potential carriers of verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli. Vet Rec. 2006;159(6):175-8.

Scheiring J, Andreoli SP, Zimmerhackl LB. Treatment and outcome of Shiga-toxin-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). Pediatr Nephrol. 2008;23(10):1749-60.

Schouten JM, Graat EA, Frankena K, VAN Zijderveld F, DE Jong MC. Transmission and quantification of verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 in dairy cattle and calves. Epidemiol Infect. 2009;137(1):114-23.

Seto EY, Soller JA, Colford JM Jr. Strategies to reduce person-to-person transmission during widespread Escherichia  coli O157:H7 outbreak. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007;13(6):860-6.

Silvestro L, Caputo M, Blancato S, Decastelli L, Fioravanti A, Tozzoli R, Morabito S, Caprioli A. Asymptomatic carriage of verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 in farm workers in Northern Italy. Epidemiol Infect. 2004;132(5):915-9.

Sonntag AK, Zenner E, Karch H, Bielaszewska M. Pigeons as a possible reservoir of Shiga toxin 2f-producing Escherichia coli pathogenic to humans. Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr. 2005;118(11-12):464-70.

Stephens TP, Loneragan GH, Thompson TW, Sridhara A, Branham LA, Pitchiah S, Brashears MM. Distribution of Escherichia coli 0157 and Salmonella on hide surfaces, the oral cavity, and in feces of feedlot cattle. J Food Prot. 2007;70(6):1346-9.

Stordeur P, China B, Charlier G, Roels S, Mainil J. Clinical signs, reproduction of attaching/effacing lesions, and enterocyte invasion after oral inoculation of an O118 enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli in neonatal calves.Microbes Infect. 2000;2(1):17-24.

Strachan NJ, Dunn GM, Locking ME, Reid TM, Ogden ID. Escherichia coli O157: burger bug or environmental pathogen? Int J Food Microbiol. 2006;112(2):129-37.

Ulinski T, Lervat C, Ranchin B, Gillet Y, Floret D, Cochat P. Neonatal hemolytic uremic syndrome after mother-to-child transmission of Escherichia coli O157. Pediatr Nephrol. 2005;20(9):1334-5.

Walderhaug M. Escherichia coli O157:H7. In: U.S. Food & Drug Administration [(FDA], Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition [CFSAN] ,Foodborne pathogenic microorganisms and natural toxins handbook [online]. FDA CFSAN;2001 Jan. Availabl at: Accessed 3 Mar 2009.

Wang JY, Wang SS, Yin PZ. Haemolytic-uraemic syndrome caused by a non-O157 : H7 Escherichia coli strain in  experimentally inoculated dogs. J Med Microbiol. 2006;55(Pt 1):23-9.

Welinder-Olsson C, Kaijser B. Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC). Scand J Infect Dis. 2005;37(6-7):405-16.

Werber D, Mason BW, Evans MR, Salmon RL. Preventing household transmission of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 infection: promptly separating siblings might be the key. Clin Infect Dis. 2008;46(8):1189-96.

Whitworth JH, Fegan N, Keller J, Gobius KS, Bono JL, Call DR, Hancock DD, Besser TE. International comparison of clinical, bovine, and environmental Escherichia coli O157 isolates on the basis of Shiga toxin-encoding bacteriophage insertion site genotypes. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2008;74(23):7447-50.

Williams AP, McGregor KA, Killham K, Jones DL.Persistence and metabolic activity of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in farm animal faeces.FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2008;287(2):168-73.

World Organization for Animal Health [OIE]. Manual of diagnostic tests and vaccines for terrestrial animals [online]. Paris: OIE; 2008. Verocytotoxigenic Escherichia coli. Available at: Accessed 1 Mar 2009.

Yoon JW, Hovde CJ. All blood, no stool: enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection. J Vet Sci. 2008;9(3):219-31.

Zweifel C, Schumacher S, Beutin L, Blanco J, Stephan R.Virulence profiles of Shiga toxin 2e-producing Escherichia coli isolated from healthy pig at slaughter. Vet Microbiol. 2006;117(2-4):328-32.

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