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EEDA Textbook References: Bovine Babesiosis

Acha PN, Szyfres B [Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)]. Zoonoses and communicable diseases common to man and animals. Volume 3. Parasitoses. 3rd ed. Washington DC: PAHO; 2003. Scientific and Technical Publication No. 580. Babesiosis; p. 15-20.

Allsopp MT, Allsopp BA. Molecular sequence evidence for the reclassification of some Babesia species. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2006;1081:509-17.

Barros CSL, Fighera R. Babesiosis. In: Foreign animal diseases. 7th edition. Boca Raton, FL: United States Animal Health Association; 2008. p.147-158.

Beaver PC, Jung RC, Cupp EW. Clinical parasitology. 9th ed. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger; 1984. Family Babesiidae; p. 205-212.

Benavides MV, Sacco AM. Differential Bos taurus cattle response to Babesia bovis infection. Vet Parasitol. 2007;150:54-64.

Bock R, Jackson L, de Vos A, Jorgensen W. Babesiosis of cattle. Parasitology. 2004;129 Suppl:S247-69.

Cantu A, Ortega-S JA, Mosqueda J, Garcia-Vazquez Z, Henke SE, George JE. Immunologic and molecular identification of Babesia bovis and Babesia bigemina in free-ranging white-tailed deer in northern Mexico. J Wildl Dis. 2007;43:504-7.

Cho SH, Kim TS, Lee HW, Tsuji M, Ishihara C, Kim JT, Wee SH, Lee CG. Identification of newly isolated Babesia parasites from cattle in Korea by using the Bo-RBC-SCID mice. Korean J Parasitol. 2002;40:33-40.

Garner G, Saville P, Fediaevsky A. Manual for the recognition of exotic diseases of livestock: A reference guide for animal health staff [online]. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [FAO]; 2003. Bovine babesiosis. Available at: Accessed 5 Dec 2008.

Gray JS. Identity of the causal agents of human babesiosis in Europe. Int J Med Microbiol. 2006;296 Suppl 40:131-6.

Hunfeld KP, Hildebrandt A, Gray JS. Babesiosis: recent insights into an ancient disease. Int J Parasitol. 2008;38:1219-37.

Liu J, Yin H, Liu G, Guan G, Ma M, Liu A, Liu Z, Li Y, Ren Q, Dang Z, Gao J, Bai Q, Zhao H, Luo J. Discrimination of Babesia major and Babesia ovata based on ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 region sequences of rRNA gene. Parasitol Res. 2008;102:709-13.

Kahn CM, Line S, editors. The Merck veterinary manual [online]. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck and Co; 2006. Bovine babesiosis. Available at: Accessed 4 Dec 2008.

Karbe E, Grootenhuis JG, Kelley S, Karstad L. Experiments on the Babesia bigemina carrier state in East African buffalo and eland. Tropenmed Parasitol. 1979;30:313-7.

Kuttler, K.L. “Bovine Babesiosis.” In Foreign Animal Diseases. Richmond, VA:  United States Animal Health Association. Available at: Accessed 4 Dec 2008.

Ohta M, Kawazu S, Terada Y, Kamio T, Tsuji M, Fujisaki K. Experimental transmission of Babesia ovata oshimensis n. var. of cattle in Japan by Haemaphysalis longicornis. J Vet Med Sci. 1996;58:1153-5.

Queensland Government Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries (DPIF). How to make organ smears. DPIF; 2007 June. Available at: Accessed 4 Dec 2008.

Schmid N, Deplazes P, Hoby S, Ryser-Degiorgis MP, Edelhofer R, Mathis A. Babesia divergens-like organisms from free-ranging chamois (Rupicapra r. rupicapra) and roe deer (Capreolus c. capreolus) are distinct from B. divergens of cattle origin - an epidemiological and molecular genetic investigation. Vet Parasitol. 2008;154:14-20.

Uilenberg G. Babesia--a historical overview. Vet Parasitol. 2006;138:3-10.

Vial HJ, Gorenflot A. Chemotherapy against babesiosis. Vet Parasitol. 2006;138:147-60.

World Organization for Animal Health [OIE]. Manual of diagnostic tests and vaccines [online]. Paris: OIE; 2008. Bovine babesiosis. Available at: Accessed 4 Dec 2008.

Zintl A, Mulcahy G, Skerrett HE, Taylor SM, Gray JS. Babesia divergens, a bovine blood parasite of veterinary and zoonotic importance. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2003;16:622-36.