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EEDA Textbook References: Akabane

Bryant JE, Crabtree MB, Nam VS, Yen NT, Duc HM, Miller BR. Isolation of arboviruses from mosquitoes collected in northern Vietnam. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2005;73(2):470-3.

Charles JA. Akabane virus.Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract. 1994;10(3):525-46.

Garner G, Saville P, Fediaevsky A. Manual for the recognition of exotic diseases of livestock: A reference guide for animal health staff [online]. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [FAO]; 2003. Akabane. Available at: Accessed 5 Sept 2009.

Huang CC, Huang TS, Deng MC, Jong MH, Lin SY. Natural infections of pigs with akabane virus. Vet Microbiol. 2003;94(1):1-11.

International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses Universal Virus Database [ICTVdB] Management. Akabane virus. In: Büchen-Osmond C, editor. ICTVdB - The universal virus database, version 4 [online]. New York: Columbia University; 2006. Available at: Accessed 1 Oct 2009.

Jennings M, Mellor PS. Culicoides: biological vectors of Akabane virus. Vet Microbiol. 1989;21(2):125-31.

Kahn CM, Line S, editors. The Merck veterinary manual [online]. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck and Co; 2006. Akabane virus infection. Available at: Accessed 5 Sept 2009.

Kahrs RF. Viral diseases of cattle. 2nd ed. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press; 2001. Akabane and bunyaviruses causing bovine fetal wastage; p. 257-261.

Kirkland PD. Akabane and bovine ephemeral fever virus infections. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract. 2002;18(3):501-14, viii-ix.

Kirkland P, Macarthur E. Akabane disease. In: Foreign animal diseases. 7th edition. Boca Raton, FL: United States Animal Health Association; 2008. p. 117-23.

Kono R, Hirata M, Kaji M, Goto Y, Ikeda S, Yanase T, Kato T, Tanaka S, Tsutsui T, Imada T, Yamakawa M. Bovine epizootic encephalomyelitis caused by Akabane virus in southern Japan. BMC Vet Res. 2008;4:20.

Lee JK, Park JS, Choi JH, Park BK, Lee BC, Hwang WS, Kim JH, Jean YH, Haritani M, Yoo HS, Kim DY. Encephalomyelitis associated with akabane virus infection in adult cows.Vet Pathol. 2002;39(2):269-73.

Nebraska Cooperative Extension. University of Nebraska – Lincoln. Selection and use of disinfectants. Nebraska Cooperative Extension; 2001 May. Available at:* Accessed 3 Oct 2001.

Smith MC, Sherman DM. Goat medicine. Philadelphia; Lea & Febiger; 1994. Akabane disease; p. 82-4.

Stram Y, Brenner J, Braverman Y, Banet-Noach C, Kuznetzova L, Ginni M. Akabane virus in Israel: a new virus lineage. Virus Res. 2004;104(1):93-7.

Uchida K, Murakami T, Sueyoshi M, Tsuda T, Inai K, Acorda JA, Yamaguchi R, Tateyama S. Detection of Akabane viral antigens in spontaneous lymphohistiocytic encephalomyelitis in cattle. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2000;12(6):518-24.

Yamakawa M, Yanase T, Kato T, Tsuda T. Chronological and geographical variations in the small RNA segment of the teratogenic Akabane virus. Virus Res. 2006;121(1):84-92.

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