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Influenza

Other Names: Influenza
Influenza is an RNA viral disease that is most commonly known to cause a fever and breathing problems. It affects birds and mammals, including humans.

Disease Agents

  • Influenzavirus A
  • Influenzavirus B
  • Influenzavirus C

Additional Disease Specific Resources

Additional web resources for influenza information:
Video Resources

The following video resources were developed to cover H5N1 avian influenza, however much of this content is also applicable to novel H1N1 influenza.

Vaccine Considerations
http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/HPAI/hpai_video_list.htm

Laboratory Diagnosis
http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/HPAI/hpai_lab_video_list.htm

Factsheets  

Technical Factsheets:
Detailed information on influenza viruses including etiology, species affected, transmission, incubation, morbidity and mortality, diagnosis and control measures.
[Influenza - avian, equine, swine, canine, and human (27 pgs)]
[Avian Influenza, Highly Pathogenic (14 pgs)]
[Swine Influenza (8 pgs)]

Fast Facts:
General audience disease information addressing the spread, signs of illness, and prevention steps.
[Influenza (1 pg)]
[Avian Influenza, Highly Pathogenic (1 pg)]

Disinfection

Influenza viruses are enveloped viruses and are susceptible to a wide variety of disinfectants including sodium hypochlorite, 70% ethanol, oxidizing agents, quaternary ammonium compounds, aldehydes (formalin, glutaraldehyde, farmaldehyde), phenols, acids, povidone-iodine and lipid solvents. They can also be inactivated by heat of 56°C (133°F) for a minimum of 60 minutes (or higher temperatures for shorter periods), as well as by ionizing radiation or low pH (pH 2).

 

Prevention

General Disease Prevention Practices for Farms
One-page handout outlining basic biosecurity measures that should be used on farms to prevent the introduction and spread of disease.
[Prevention Practices for Farms (1 pg)]

General Prevention Practices
These documents were developed to provide livestock and poultry producers preventive measures to use on their farms to prevent the introduction and spread of diseases.
Avian: [Prevention Practices] [Checklist]
Equine: [Prevention Practices] [Checklist]
Swine: [Prevention Practices] [Checklist]

Signs and Templates

One-page handout outlining basic biosecurity measures that should be used on farms to prevent the introduction and spread of disease.


Disease Categories

The links in this section will take you to a list of other diseases for that same category (e.g. diseases affecting that species, in a specific region, etc.).

Citations

To cite the factsheets found on this website, the following information can be used:
Spickler, Anna Rovid. "Title of Factsheet." "Date of Factsheet (Last Updated)."
At http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/DiseaseInfo/factsheets.php