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Influenza

Other Names: Influenza
Influenza is an RNA viral disease that is most commonly known to cause a fever and breathing problems. It affects birds and mammals, including humans.

Disease Agents

  • Influenzavirus A
  • Influenzavirus B
  • Influenzavirus C

Additional Disease Specific Resources

Additional web resources for influenza information:
Video Resources

The following video resources were developed to cover H5N1 avian influenza, however much of this content is also applicable to novel H1N1 influenza.

Vaccine Considerations
http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/HPAI/hpai_video_list.htm

Laboratory Diagnosis
http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/HPAI/hpai_lab_video_list.htm

Factsheets  

Technical Factsheets:
Detailed information on influenza viruses including etiology, species affected, transmission, incubation, morbidity and mortality, diagnosis and control measures.
[Influenza - avian, equine, swine, canine, and human (27 pgs)]
[Avian Influenza, Highly Pathogenic (14 pgs)]
[Swine Influenza (8 pgs)]

Fast Facts:
General audience disease information addressing the spread, signs of illness, and prevention steps.
[Influenza (1 pg)]
[Avian Influenza, Highly Pathogenic (1 pg)]

Disinfection

Influenza viruses are enveloped viruses and are susceptible to a wide variety of disinfectants including sodium hypochlorite, 70% ethanol, oxidizing agents, quaternary ammonium compounds, aldehydes (formalin, glutaraldehyde, farmaldehyde), phenols, acids, povidone-iodine and lipid solvents. They can also be inactivated by heat of 56°C (133°F) for a minimum of 60 minutes (or higher temperatures for shorter periods), as well as by ionizing radiation or low pH (pH 2).

Characteristics of Selected Disinfectants
Table overviewing the various types of disinfectant classes available, advantages, disadvantages and microorganism spectrum.
[Characteristics of Selected Disinfectants (1 pg)]

Disinfection 101
This document provides a general overview of disinfection information regarding proper selection, application, mixing, reading a label, and effectiveness against various disease causing organisms.
[Disinfection 101 (22 pgs)]

Prevention

General Disease Prevention Practices for Farms
One-page handout outlining basic biosecurity measures that should be used on farms to prevent the introduction and spread of disease.
[Prevention Practices for Farms (1 pg)]

General Prevention Practices
These documents were developed to provide livestock and poultry producers preventive measures to use on their farms to prevent the introduction and spread of diseases.
Avian: [Prevention Practices] [Checklist]
Equine: [Prevention Practices] [Checklist]
Swine: [Prevention Practices] [Checklist]

Signs and Templates

Farm Signs
One-page handout outlining basic biosecurity measures that should be used on farms to prevent the introduction and spread of disease.
[Check In with Farm Personnel]
[Do Not Enter without Permission]
[Policies for Visitor: Animal Contact]
[Farm Visitor Policies]

Disinfection Signs
[Cleaning and Disinfection Protocol]
[Disinfectant Formulation]
[Wash Your Hands Sign]


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Citations

To cite the factsheets found on this website, the following information can be used:
Spickler, Anna Rovid. "Title of Factsheet." "Date of Factsheet (Last Updated)."
At http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/DiseaseInfo/factsheets.php