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Other Names: Shaker Foal Syndrome, Limberneck, Western Duck Sickness, Bulbar Paralysis, Loin Disease, Lamziekte
Botulism is a bacterial disease caused by botulinum toxin, a potent neurotoxin that affects humans, cattle, dogs, horses, mink, birds, and other animals.

Disease Agents

  • Clostridium baratii
  • Clostridium botulinum
  • Clostridium butyricum

Disease Presentation

Disease Categories

The links in this section will take you to a list of other diseases for that same category (e.g. diseases affecting that species, in a specific region, etc.).

Clinical Signs



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Spickler, Anna Rovid. "Title of Factsheet." "Date of Factsheet (Last Updated)."