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Transboundary and Emerging Diseases of Animals, 2016

Chapter 2 References

Portals of Entry

American Association of Swine Veterinarians (AASV). Quick Facts: PED. Available at: https://www.aasv.org/pedv/AASVPEDQF.pdf

Schwartz, J. (2015, April 12). Midwest Canine Influenza outbreak caused by new strain of virus. Available at: http://mediarelations.cornell.edu/2015/04/12/midwest-canine-influenza-outbreak-caused-by-new-strain-of-virus/ 

USDA Veterinary Services
https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/animalhealth/animal-disease-information/avian-influenza-disease/ct_avian_influenza_disease, Accessed March 31, 2016.
https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/animalhealth/animal-and-animal-product-import-information Accessed March 9, 2016
https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/animalhealth/export Accessed March 9, 2016

U.S. Customs and Border Protection, http://www.cbp.gov/border-security/protecting-agriculture

Percell M. Taylor, DVM, Case Report: Equine, screwworm myiasis, intercepted, VMO Observer, USDA-APHIS, February 2012.

Spickler, Anna Rovid, Heartwater, December 2015. http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/Factsheets/pdfs/heartwater.pdf Accessed March 31, 2016

Rift Valley fever,  http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2004/07/scientists-worry-rift-valley-fever-could-reach-us Accessed March 31, 2016

Agroterrorism, https://leb.fbi.gov/2012/february/agroterrorism-threats-to-americas-economy-and-food-supply Accessed March 31, 2016

Definitions for Understanding

Bowman, D., Georgis’ Parasitology for Veterinarians. Elsevier (2014)

Merriam-Webster Medical Dictionary, Accessed March 31, 2016, http://c.merriam-webster.com/medlineplus/disease

Routes of Transmission

Center for Food Security and Public Health. Disease Exposure Routes. http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/Infection_Control/Routes/index.php

Spickler, Anna Rovid, Classical Swine Fever, October 2015. Available at: http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/Factsheets/pdfs/classical_swine_fever.pdf

Dubey, J.P.  Overview of Toxoplasmosis. Merck Veterinary Manuals. Revised October 2013. Available at: http://www.merckvetmanual.com/mvm/generalized_conditions/toxoplasmosis/overview_of_toxoplasmosis.html

Spickler, Anna Rovid, Ovine Pulmonary Adenomatosis, August 2009. Available at: http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/Factsheets/pdfs/ovine_pulmonary_adenomatosis.pdf

Spickler, Anna Rovid, Food and Mouth Disease, March 2015. Available at: http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/Factsheets/pdfs/foot_and_mouth_disease.pdf

Texas Agricultural Extension Office, Anaplasmosis. Available at: http://icwdm.org/PDF's/anaplasmosisTXA&M.pdf

Virginia Cooperative Extension. Available at: https://pubs.ext.vt.edu/400/400-465/400-465.html

Transstadial and Transovarial

Of ticks, mice and men: understanding the dual-host lifestyle of Lyme disease spirochaetes, Radolf, JD, Natures Reviews, Microbiology, 2012; 10:87-99.

Spickler, Anna Rovid, Bovine Babesiosis, December 2008. Available at: http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/Factsheets/pdfs/bovine_babesiosis.pdf

Spickler, Anna Rovid, Rift Valley Fever, January 2015. Available at: http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/Factsheets/pdfs/rift_valley_fever.pdf

Characteristics of Pathogens

Spickler, Anna Rovid, Anthrax, March 2007. Available at: http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/Factsheets/pdfs/anthrax.pdf

Spickler, Anna Rovid, Small Ruminant Lentiviruses, May 2015. Available at: http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/Factsheets/pdfs/maedi_visna_and_caprine_arthritis_encephalitis.pdf

Merck Veterinary Manual: Giardiasis
http://www.merckvetmanual.com/mvm/digestive_system/giardiasis/overview_of_giardiasis.html

What is Echinococcosis or Hydatidosis? Available at: http://www.oie.int/doc/ged/D13941.PDF

Spickler, Anna Rovid, Echinococcosis, July 2011. Available at:  http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/Factsheets/pdfs/echinococcosis.pdf

Spickler, Anna Rovid, Amblyomma variegatum, September 2009. Available at: http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/Factsheets/pdfs/amblyomma_variegatum.pdf

Merck Veterinary Manual: Gastrointestinal parasites. Available at: http://www.merckvetmanual.com/mvm/digestive_system/gastrointestinal_parasites_of_small_animals/roundworms_in_small_animals.html. Accessed April 2016.

Foot and Mouth Disease

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). Foot-and-Mouth Disease (FMD)  Accessed 2016.

World Organization for Animal Health (OIE)/ Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). FAO World Reference Laboratory’s foot and mouth disease home page. Available at: http://www.wrlfmd.org/ Accessed April 2016.

World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). Foot and mouth disease. In: Manual of diagnostic tests and vaccines for terrestrial animals. Paris: OIE; 2012. Available at: http://www.oie.int/fileadmin/Home/eng/Health_standards/tahm/2.01.05_FMD.pdf  Accessed April 2016.

West Nile Virus

Spickler, Anna Rovid, West Nile Virus, August 2013. Available at: http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/Factsheets/pdfs/west_nile_fever.pdf Accessed April 2016

Blitvich BJ. Transmission dynamics and changing epidemiology of West Nile virus. Anim Health Res Rev. 2008;9:71-86.

Davis LE, DeBiasi R, Goade DE, Haaland KY, Harrington JA, Harnar JB, Pergam SA, King MK, DeMasters BK, Tyler KL. West Nile virus neuroinvasive disease. Ann Neurol. 2006;60:286-300.

Gubler DJ. The continuing spread of West Nile virus in the western hemisphere. Clin Infect Dis. 2007;45:1039-46.

USDA APHIS West Nile Virus Maps Available at: https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/animalhealth/animal-disease-information/horse-disease-information/sa_west_nile_virus/ct_wnv_distribution_maps Accessed April 2016.

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. West Nile virus. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/westnile/index.html; http://www.cdc.gov/westnile/statsmaps/finalmapsdata/index.html Accessed April 2016.

Cerebral Elaphostrongylosis

Ball, M. C., M. W. Lankester, and S. P. Mahoney. 2001. Factors affecting the distribution and transmission of Elaphostrongylus rangiferi (Protostrongylidae) in caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) of Newfoundland, Canada. Canadian Journal of Zoology 79:1265- 1277.

African Swine Fever and Classical Swine Fever

Spickler, Anna Rovid, African Swine Fever, October 2015. Available at: http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/Factsheets/pdfs/african_swine_fever.pdf

Spickler, Anna Rovid, Classical Swine Fever, October 2015, Available at: http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/Factsheets/pdfs/classical_swine_fever.pdf

Classical Swine Fever in the UK. Availabe at: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/classical-swine-fever

Paton, David, The Reappearance of Classical Swine Fever in England in 2000, Chapter 5.3 of Trends in Emerging Viral Infections of Swine http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/9780470376812.ch5c/summary

African swine fever in the Caucasus, EMPRES Watch, April 2008, Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-aj214e.pdf

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

Spickler, Anna Rovid, Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy, May 2012. Available at: http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/Factsheets/pdfs/bovine_spongiform_encephalopathy.pdf

The National Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Surveillance Unit [CJD Unit], United Kingdom. CJD statistics [online]. CJD Unit, U.K.; Available at: http://www.cjd.ed.ac.uk/documents/figs.pdf. Accessed April 2016.

U.K. Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs [DEFRA]/ Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA)  TSE- Statistics. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/cattle-tse-surveillance-statistics. Accessed April 2016.

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). Bovine spongiform encephalopathy. Available at: https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/animalhealth/animal-disease-information/cattle-disease-information/sa_bse/ct_about_bse Accessed April 2016.