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EEDA Textbook References: Influenza

Abbott, A. Human fatality adds fresh impetus to fight against bird flu. Nature 2003;423:5.

Acha PN, Szyfres B (Pan American Health Organization [PAHO]). Zoonoses and communicable diseases common to man and animals. Volume 2. Chlamydiosis, rickettsioses and viroses. 3rd ed. Washington DC: PAHO; 2003. Scientific and Technical Publication No. 580. Influenza; p. 155-72.

Alexander DY. A review of avian influenza [monograph online]. Available at: http://www.esvv.unizh.ch/gent_abstracts/Alexander.html. Accessed 30 Aug 2004.

American Veterinary Medical Association. Canine influenza virus emerges in Florida [online]. J Am Vet Med Assoc News Express. Sept. 22, 2005. Available at: http://www.avma.org/onlnews/javma/oct05/x051015b.asp. Accessed 27 Sept 2005.

Amonsin A, Songserm T, Chutinimitkul S, Jam-On R, Sae-Heng N, Pariyothorn N, Payungporn S, Theamboonlers A, Poovorawan Y. Genetic analysis of influenza A virus (H5N1) derived from domestic cat and dog in Thailand. Arch Virol. 2007;152:1925-33.

Antarasena C, Sirimujalin R, Prommuang P, Blacksell SD, Promkuntod N, Prommuang P. Tissue tropism of a Thailand strain of high-pathogenicity avian influenza virus (H5N1) in tissues of naturally infected native chickens (Gallus gallus), Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) and ducks (Anas spp.). Avian Pathol. 2006;35:250-3.

Ardans AA. Equine influenza. In: Hirsch DC, Zee YC, editors. Veterinary microbiology. Malden, MA: Blackwell Science; 1999. p. 398-399.

Auewarakul P, Suptawiwat O, Kongchanagul A, Sangma C, Suzuki Y, Ungchusak K, Louisirirotchanakul S, Lerdsamran H, Pooruk P, Thitithanyanont A, Pittayawonganon C, Guo CT, Hiramatsu H, Jampangern W, Chunsutthiwat S, Puthavathana P. An avian influenza H5N1 virus that binds to human-type receptor. J Virol. 2007;81:9950-9955.

Banet-Noach C, Perk S, Simanov L, Grebenyuk N, Rozenblut E, Pokamunski S, Pirak M, Tendler Y, Panshin A. H9N2 influenza viruses from Israeli poultry: a five-year outbreak. Avian Dis. 2007;51:290-6.

Beard CW. Avian influenza. In: Foreign animal diseases. Richmond, VA: United States Animal Health Association; 1998. p. 71-80.

Beare, A. S., and R. G. Webster. 1991. Replication of avian influenza viruses in humans. Arch Virol. 1991;119:37–42.

Boon AC, Sandbulte MR, Seiler P, Webby RJ, Songserm T, Guan Y, Webster RG. Role of terrestrial wild birds in ecology of influenza A virus (H5N1). Emerg Infect Dis. 2007;13:1720-4.

Brown IH, Harris PA, Alexander DJ. Serological studies of influenza viruses in pigs in Great Britain 1991-2. Epidemiol Infect. 1995;114:511-20.

Brown IH. (OIE/FAO/EU International Reference Laboratory for Avian Influenza). Influenza virus infections of pigs. Part 1: swine, avian & human influenza viruses [monograph online]. Available at: http://www.pighealth.com/influenza.htm. Accessed 31 Dec 2006.

Brown JD, Stallknecht DE, Beck JR, Suarez DL, Swayne DE. Susceptibility of North American ducks and gulls to H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006;12:1663-70.

Brown JD, Swayne DE, Cooper RJ, Burns RE, Stallknecht DE. Persistence of H5 and H7 avian influenza viruses in water. Avian Dis. 2007;51:285-9.

Butler D. Thai dogs carry bird-flu virus, but will they spread it? Nature. 2006;439:773.

Butt KM, Smith GJ, Chen H, Zhang LJ, Leung YH, Xu KM, Lim W, Webster RG, Yuen KY, Peiris JS, Guan Y. Human infection with an avian H9N2 influenza A virus in Hong Kong in 2003. J Clin Microbiol. 2005;43:5760-7.

Cappucci DT, Johnson DC, Brugh M, Smith TM, Jackson CF, Pearson JE, Senne DA. Isolation of avian influenza virus (subtype H5N2) from chicken eggs during a natural outbreak. Avian Dis. 1985; 29:1195-1200.

Capua I, Marangon S. Control of avian influenza in poultry. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006;12:1319-24.

Capua I, Marangon S. Vaccination policy applied to the control of avian influenza in Italy. Dev Biol (Basel). 2003;114:213-9.

Capua I, Mutinelli F, Terregino C, Cattoli G, Manvell RJ, Burlini F. Highly pathogenic avian influenza (H7N1) in ostriches farmed in Italy. Vet Rec. 2000;146:356.

Carey S. UF researchers: equine influenza virus likely cause of Jacksonville greyhound deaths [online]. News Releases, University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine. Available at: http://www.vetmed.ufl.edu/pr/nw_story/greyhds.htm.* Accessed 27 Sept 2005.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC]. Avian flu [Website online]. CDC. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/flu/avian/index.htm. Accessed 1 Aug 2007.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC]. Influenza. Information for health care professionals [Website online].CDC; 2006. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/flu/professionals/background.htm. Accessed 1 Aug 2007.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC]. Key facts about swine influenza (swine flu). CDC; 2006 Dec. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/flu/swine/. Accessed 19 Jan 2009.

Chatterjee R. Portrait of a killer [online]. ScienceNOW Daily News. American Association for the Advancemennt of Science; 17 Jan 2007. Available at: http://sciencenow.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/2007/117/2. Accessed 19 Jan 2007.

Chen H, Deng G, Li Z, Tian G, Li Y, Jiao P, Zhang L, Liu Z, Webster RG, Yu K. The evolution of H5N1 influenza viruses in ducks in southern China. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2004;101:10452-7.

Chi XS, Hu A, Bolar TV, Al-Rimawi W, Zhao P, Tam JS, Rappaport R, Cheng SM. Detection and characterization of new influenza B virus variants in 2002. J Clin Microbiol. 2005;43:2345-9.

Chi XS., Bolar TV, Zhao P, Rappaport R, Cheng SM. Co-circulation and evolution of two lineages of influenza B viruses in Europe and Israel in the 2001-2002 season. J. Clin. Microbiol. 2003;41:5770-3.

Choi YK, Nguyen TD, Ozaki H, Webby RJ, Puthavathana P, Buranathal C, Chaisingh A, Auewarakul P, Hanh NT, Ma SK, Hui PY, Guan Y, Peiris JS, Webster RG. Studies of H5N1 influenza virus infection of pigs by using viruses isolated in Vietnam and Thailand in 2004. J Virol. 2005;79:10821-5.

Cong YL, Pu J, Liu QF, Wang S, Zhang GZ, Zhang XL, Fan WX, Brown EG, Liu JH. Antigenic and genetic characterization of H9N2 swine influenza viruses in China. J Gen Virol. 2007;88:2035-41.

Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine. Canine influenza virus detected [online]. Animal Health Diagnostic Center Announcements. Sept 21, 2005. Available at http://www.diaglab.vet.cornell.edu/issues/civ-dect.asp.* Accessed 27 Sept 2005.

Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine. Canine influenza virus. Appropriate samples for detection [online]. Animal Health Diagnostic Center – Emerging Issues. Available at: http://www.diaglab.vet.cornell.edu/issues/civ.asp#samp. Accessed 8 Jan 2006.

Couch RB. Orthomyxoviruses [monograph online]. In: Baron S, editor. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1996. Available at: http://www.gsbs.utmb.edu/microbook/. Accessed 29 Dec 2006.

Crawford PC, Dubovi EJ, Castleman WL, Stephenson I, Gibbs EPJ, Chen L, Smith C, Hill RC, Ferro P, Pompey J, Bright RA, Medina M-J, Johnson CM, Olsen CW, Cox NJ, Klimov AI, Katz JM, Donis RO. Transmission of equine influenza virus to dogs. Science. 2005;310:482-5.

Dacso CC, Couch RB, Six HR, Young JF, Quarles JM, Kasel JA. Sporadic occurrence of zoonotic swine influenza virus infections. J Clin Microbiol. 1984;20:833-5.

Daly JM, Mumford JA. Influenza infections [online]. In: Lekeux P, editor. Equine respiratory diseases. Ithaca NY: International Veterinary Information Service [IVIS]; 2001. Available at: http://www.ivis.org/special_books/Lekeux/toc.asp. Accessed 10 Jan 2006.

De Benedictis P, Beato MS, Capua I. Inactivation of avian influenza viruses by chemical agents and physical conditions: a review. Zoonoses Public Health. 2007;54:51-68.

de Jong MD, Bach VC, Phan TQ, Vo MH, Tran TT, Nguyen BH, Beld M, Le TP, Truong HK, Nguyen VV, Tran TH, Do QH, Farrar J: Fatal avian influenza A (H5N1) in a child presenting with diarrhea followed by coma. N Engl J Med 2005, 352:686-91.

Dubovi EJ, Njaa BL.Canine influenza. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2008;38:827-35, viii.

Ellis TM, Bousfield RB, Bissett LA, Dyrting KC, Luk GS, Tsim ST, Sturm-Ramirez K, Webster RG, Guan Y, Malik Peiris JS. Investigation of outbreaks of highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza in waterfowl and wild birds in Hong Kong in late 2002. Avian Pathol. 2004;33:492-505.

Enserink M, Kaiser J. Avian flu finds new mammal hosts. Science. 2004;305:1385.

Enserink M. Flu virus jumps from horses to dogs [online]. Science Now. American Association for the Advancemennt of Science; 26 September 2005. Available at: http://sciencenow.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/2005/926/2. Accessed 27 Sept 2005.

Fenner F, Bachmann PA, Gibbs EPJ, Murphy FA, Studdert MJ, White DO. Veterinary virology. San Diego, CA: Academic Press Inc.; 1987. Orthomyxoviridae; p. 473-484.

Fouchier RAM, Schneeberger PM, Rozendaal FW, Broekman JM, Kemink SAG, Munster V, Kuiken T, Rimmelzwaan GF, Schutten M, van Doornum GJJ, Koch G, Bosman A, Koopmans M, Osterhaus ADME. Avian influenza A virus (H7N7) associated with human conjunctivitis and a fatal case of acute respiratory distress syndrome. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004;101:1356–61.

Gaidet N, Cattoli G, Hammoumi S, Newman SH, Hagemeijer W, Takekawa JY, Cappelle J, Dodman T, Joannis T, Gil P, Monne I, Fusaro A, Capua I, Manu S, Micheloni P, Ottosson U, Mshelbwala JH, Lubroth J, Domenech J, Monicat F. Evidence of infection by H5N2 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in healthy wild waterfowl. PLoS Pathog. 2008;4(8):e1000127.

Giese M, Harder TC, Teifke JP, Klopfleisch R, Breithaupt A, Mettenleiter TC, Vahlenkamp TW. Experimental infection and natural contact exposure of dogs with avian influenza virus (H5N1). Emerg Infect Dis. 2008;14:308-10.

Gilbert M, Xiao X, Domenech J, Lubroth J, Martin V, Slingenbergh J. Anatidae migration in the western Palearctic and spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5NI virus. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006;12:1650-6.

Gill JS, Webby R, Gilchrist MJ, Gray GC. Avian influenza among waterfowl hunters and wildlife professionals. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006;12:1284-6.

Gillim-Ross L, Santos C, Chen Z, Aspelund A, Yang CF, Ye D, Jin H, Kemble G, Subbarao K.Avian influenza H6 viruses productively infect and cause illness in mice and ferrets. J Virol. 2008;82:10854-63.

Govorkova EA, Rehg JE, Krauss S, Yen HL, Guan Y, Peiris M, Nguyen TD, Hanh TH, Puthavathana P, Long HT, Buranathai C, Lim W, Webster RG, Hoffmann E. Lethality to ferrets of H5N1 influenza viruses isolated from humans and poultry in 2004. J Virol. 2005;79:2191-8.

Gray GC, McCarthy T, Capuano AW, Setterquist SF, Alavanja MC, Lynch CF. Evidence for avian influenza A infections among Iowa's agricultural workers. Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2008;2:61-9.

Greenbaum E, Morag A, Zakay-Rones Z. Isolation of influenza C virus during an outbreak of influenza A and B viruses. J Clin Microbiol. 1998;36:1441-2.

Gu J, Xie Z, Gao Z, Liu J, Korteweg C, Ye J, Lau LT, Lu J, Gao Z, Zhang B, McNutt MA, Lu M, Anderson VM, Gong E, Yu AC, Lipkin WI. H5N1 infection of the respiratory tract and beyond: a molecular pathology study. Lancet. 2007;370:1137-45.

Guan Y, Peiris JS, Lipatov AS, Ellis TM, Dyrting KC, Krauss S, Zhang LJ, Webster RG, Shortridge KF. Emergence of multiple genotypes of H5N1 avian influenza viruses in Hong Kong SAR. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002;99:8950-5.

Hall JS, Bentler KT, Landolt G, Elmore SA, Minnis RB, Campbell TA, Barras SC, Root JJ, Pilon J, Pabilonia K, Driscoll C, Slate D, Sullivan H, McLean RG. Influenza infection in wild raccoons. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008;14:1842-8.

Hanson BA, Stallknecht DE, Swayne DE, Lewis LA, Senne DA. Avian influenza viruses in Minnesota ducks during 1998–2000. Avian Dis. 2003;47(3 Suppl):867-71.

Heinen P. Swine influenza: a zoonosis. Vet Sci Tomorrow [serial online]. 2003 Sept 15. Available at: http://www.vetscite.org/publish/articles/000041/print.html. Accessed 26 Aug 2004.

Hinshaw VS, Bean WJ, Webster RG, Rehg JE, Fiorelli P, Early G, Geraci JR, St Aubin DJ. Are seals frequently infected with avian influenza viruses? J Virol. 1984;51:863-5.

International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses [ICTV]. Universal virus database, version 3. 00.046. Orthomyxoviridae [online]. ICTV; 2003. Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ICTVdb/ICTVdB. Accessed 25 Aug 2004.

Isoda N, Sakoda Y, Kishida N, Bai GR, Matsuda K, Umemura T, Kida H. Pathogenicity of a highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, A/chicken/Yamaguchi/7/04 (H5N1) in different species of birds and mammals. Arch Virol. 2006;151:1267-79.

Jakeman KJ, Tisdale M, Russell S, Leone A, Sweet C. Efficacy of 2’-deoxy-2’-fluororibosides against influenza A and B viruses in ferrets. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1994;38:1864-7.

Janke, BH. Relative prevalence of reassortants and subtypes. In: Proceedings of the Twelfth Annual Swine Disease Conference for Swine Practitioners; 2004 Nov 11-12; Ames, IA.

Kahn CM, Line S, editors. The Merck veterinary manual [online]. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck and Co; 2003. Avian influenza. Available at: http://www.merckvetmanual.com/mvm/index.jsp?cfile=htm/bc/206200.htm. Accessed 29 Dec 2006.

Kahn CM, Line S, editors. The Merck veterinary manual [online]. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck and Co; 2003. Swine influenza. Available at: http://www.merckvetmanual.com/mvm/index.jsp?cfile=htm/bc/121407.htm. Accessed 9 Jan 2007.

Kahn CM, Line S, editors. The Merck veterinary manual [online]. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck and Co; 2003. Equine influenza. Available at: http://www.merckvetmanual.com/mvm/index.jsp?cfile=htm/bc/121303.htm. Accessed 9 Jan 2007.

Kahn CM, Line S, editors. The Merck veterinary manual [online]. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck and Co; 2003. Ferrets: Influenza. Available at: http://www.merckvetmanual.com/mvm/index.jsp?cfile=htm/bc/170303.htm. Accessed 9 Jan 2007.

Kahn CM, Line S, editors. The Merck veterinary manual [online]. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck and Co; 2003. Marine mammals: Influenza virus. Available at: http://www.merckvetmanual.com/mvm/index.jsp?cfile=htm/bc/170811.htm. Accessed 9 Jan 2007.

Kaleta EF, Honicke A. A retrospective description of a highly pathogenic avian influenza A virus (H7N1/Carduelis/Germany/72) in a free-living siskin (Carduelis spinus Linnaeus, 1758) and its accidental transmission to yellow canaries (Serinus canaria Linnaeus, 1758).Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr. 2005;112:17-9.

Kalthoff D, Breithaupt A, Teifke JP, Globig A, Harder T, Mettenleiter TC, Beer M. Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (H5N1) in experimentally infected adult mute swans. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008;14:1267-70.

Kalthoff D, Hoffmann B, Harder T, Durban M, Beer M. Experimental infection of cattle with highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (H5N1). Emerg Infect Dis. 2008;14:1132-4.
Karasin AI, Carman S, Olsen CW. Identification of human H1N2 and human-swine reassortant H1N2 and H1N1 influenza A viruses among pigs in Ontario, Canada (2003 to 2005). J Clin Microbiol. 2006;44:1123-6.

Karasin AI, Schutten MM, Cooper LA, Smith CB, Subbarao K, Anderson GA, Carman S, Olsen CW. Genetic characterization of H3N2 influenza viruses isolated from pigs in North America, 1977-1999: evidence for wholly human and reassortant virus genotypes. Virus Res. 2000;68:71-85.

Keawcharoen J, Oraveerakul K, Kuiken T, Fouchier RA, Amonsin A, Payungporn S, Noppornpanth S, Wattanodorn S, Theambooniers A, Tantilertcharoen R, Pattanarangsan R, Arya N, Ratanakorn P, Osterhaus DM, Poovorawan Y. Avian influenza H5N1 in tigers and leopards. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004;10:2189-91.

Kimura H, Abiko C, Peng G, Muraki Y, Sugawara K, Hongo S, Kitame F, Mizuta K, Numazaki Y, Suzuki H, Nakamura K. Interspecies transmission of influenza C virus between humans and pigs. Virus Res. 1997;48:71-9.

Klopfleisch R, Wolf PU, Uhl W, Gerst S, Harder T, Starick E, Vahlenkamp TW, Mettenleiter TC, Teifke JP. Distribution of lesions and antigen of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus A/Swan/Germany/R65/06 (H5N1) in domestic cats after presumptive infection by wild birds. Vet Pathol. 2007;44:261-8.

Komadina N, Roque V, Thawatsupha P, Rimando-Magalong J, Waicharoen S, Bomasang E, Sawanpanyalert P, Rivera M, Iannello P, Hurt AC, Barr IG. Genetic analysis of two influenza A (H1) swine viruses isolated from humans in Thailand and the Philippines. Virus Genes. 2007;35:161-5.

Kruth SA, Carman S, Weese JS. Seroprevalence of antibodies to canine influenza virus in dogs in Ontario.Can Vet J. 2008;49:800-2.

Kuiken T, Rimmelzwaan G, van Riel D, van Amerongen G, Baars M, Fouchier R, Osterhaus A. Avian H5N1 influenza in cats. Science. 2004;306:241.

Lamb S, McElroy T. Bronson alerts public to newly emerging canine flu. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services; 2005 Sept. Available at: http://doacs.state.fl.us/press/2005/09202005.html. Accessed 27 Sept 2005.

Lee CW, Senne DA, Suarez DL. Effect of vaccine use in the evolution of Mexican lineage H5N2 avian influenza virus. J Virol. 2004;78:8372-81.

Lei F, Tang S, Zhao D, Zhang X, Kou Z, Li Y, Zhang Z, Yin Z, Chen S, Li S, Zhang D, Yan B, Li T. Characterization of H5N1 influenza viruses isolated from migratory birds in Qinghai province of China in 2006. Avian Dis. 2007;51:568-72.

Lekcharoensuk P, Lager KM, Vemulapalli R, Woodruff M, Vincent AL, Richt JA. Novel swine influenza virus subtype H3N1, United States. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006;12:787-94.

Leschnik M, Weikel J, Möstl K, Revilla-Fernández S, Wodak E, Bagó Z, Vanek E, Benetka V, Hess M, Thalhammer JG. Subclinical infection with avian influenza A (H5N1) virus in cats. Emerg Infect Dis [serial online]. 2007;13. 243-7.

Lipatov AS, Kwon YK, Sarmento LV, Lager KM, Spackman E, Suarez DL, Swayne DE. Domestic pigs have low susceptibility to H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses. PLoS Pathog. 2008;4(7):e1000102.

Liu J, Xiao H, Lei F, Zhu Q, Qin K, Zhang XW, Zhang XL, Zhao D, Wang G, Feng Y, Ma J, Liu W, Wang J, Gao GF. Highly pathogenic H5N1 influenza virus infection in migratory birds. Science. 2005;309:1206.

Lu H, Castro AE, Pennick K, Liu J, Yang Q, Dunn P, Weinstock D, Henzler D. Survival of avian influenza virus H7N2 in SPF chickens and their environments. Avian Dis. 2003;47(3 Suppl):1015-21.

Ma W, Gramer M, Rossow K, Yoon KJ. Isolation and genetic characterization of new reassortant H3N1 swine influenza virus from pigs in the midwestern United States. J Virol. 2006;80:5092-6.

Ma W, Vincent AL, Gramer MR, Brockwell CB, Lager KM, Janke BH, Gauger PC, Patnayak DP, Webby RJ, Richt JA. Identification of H2N3 influenza A viruses from swine in the United States. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2007;104:20949-54.

Maas R, Tacken M, Ruuls L, Koch G, van Rooij E, Stockhofe-Zurwieden N. Avian influenza (H5N1) susceptibility and receptors in dogs. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007;13:1219-21.

Manuguerra JC, Hannoun C, Simon F, Villar E, Cabezas JA. Natural infection of dogs by influenza C virus: a serological survey in Spain. New Microbiol. 1993;16:367-71.

Marschall J, Schulz B, Harder Priv-Doz TC, Vahlenkamp Priv-Doz TW, Huebner J, Huisinga E, Hartmann K.Prevalence of influenza A H5N1 virus in cats from areas with occurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza in birds. J Feline Med Surg. 2008;10:355-8.

Martella V, Elia G, Decaro N, Di Trani L, Lorusso E, Campolo M, Desario C, Parisi A, Cavaliere N, Buonavoglia C. An outbreak of equine influenza virus in vaccinated horses in Italy is due to an H3N8 strain closely related to recent North American representatives of the Florida sub-lineage. Vet Microbiol. 2007;121:56-63.

Matsuzaki Y, Abiko C, Mizuta K, Sugawara K, Takashita E, Muraki Y, Suzuki H, Mikawa M, Shimada S, Sato K, Kuzuya M, Takao S, Wakatsuki K, Itagaki T, Hongo S, Nishimura H. A nationwide epidemic of influenza C virus in Japan in 2004. J Clin Microbiol. 2007;45:783-8.

Matsuzaki Y, Katsushima N, Nagai Y, Shoji M, Itagaki T, Sakamoto M, Kitaoka S, Mizuta K, Nishimura H. Clinical features of influenza C virus infection in children. J Infect Dis. 2006;193:1229-35.

Matsuzaki Y, Mizuta K, Sugawara K, Tsuchiya E, Muraki Y, Hongo S, Suzuki H, Nishimura H. Frequent reassortment among influenza C viruses. J. Virol. 2003:77: 871–81.

Matsuzaki Y, Sugawara K, Mizuta K, Tsuchiya E, Muraki Y, Hongo S, Suzuki H, Nakamura K. Antigenic and genetic characterization of influenza C viruses which caused two outbreaks in Yamagata City, Japan, in 1996 and 1998. J Clin Microbiol. 2002;40:422-9.

Matsuzaki Y, Sugawara K, Takashita E, Muraki Y, Hongo S, Katsushima N, Mizuta K, Nishimura H. Genetic diversity of influenza B virus: the frequent reassortment and cocirculation of the genetically distinct reassortant viruses in a community. J. Med. Virol. 2004;74:132-40.

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Monne I, Cattoli G, Mazzacan E, Amarin NM, Al Maaitah HM, Al-Natour MQ, Capua I. Genetic comparison of H9N2 AI viruses isolated in Jordan in 2003. Avian Dis. 2007;51:451-4.

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Myers KP, Olsen CW, Setterquist SF, Capuano AW, Donham KJ, Thacker EL, Merchant JA, Gray GC. Are swine workers in the United States at increased risk of infection with zoonotic influenza virus? Clin Infect Dis. 2006;42:14-20.

Naeem K, Siddique N, Ayaz M, Jalalee MA. Avian influenza in Pakistan: outbreaks of low- and high-pathogenicity avian influenza in Pakistan during 2003-2006. Avian Dis. 2007;51:189-93.

Nagy A, Machova J, Hornickova J, Tomci M, Nagl I, Horyna B, Holko I. Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus subtype H5N1 in mute swans in the Czech Republic. Vet Microbiol. 2007;120:9-16.

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Newton R, Cooke A, Elton D, Bryant N, Rash A, Bowman S, Blunden T, Miller J, Hammond TA, Camm I, Day M.Canine influenza virus: cross-species transmission from horses. Vet Rec. 2007;161:142-3.

Normile D, Enserink M. With change in the seasons, bird flu returns. Science. 2007;315:448.

Olsen CW, Brammer L, Easterday BC, Arden N, Belay E, Baker I, Cox NJ. Serologic evidence of H1 swine influenza virus infection in swine farm residents and employees. Emerg Infect Dis 2002;8:814-9.

Olsen CW, Karasin AI, Carman S, Li Y, Bastien N, Ojkic D, Alves D, Charbonneau G, Henning BM, Low DE, Burton L, Broukhanski G. Triple reassortant H3N2 influenza A viruses, Canada, 2005. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006;12:1132-5.

Panigrahy B, Senne DA, Pedersen JC. Avian influenza virus subtypes inside and outside the live bird markets, 1993-2000: a spatial and temporal relationship. Avian Dis. 2002;46:298-307.

Patriarca PA, Kendal AP, Zakowski PC, Cox NJ, Trautman MS, Cherry JD, Auerbach DM, McCusker J, Belliveau RR, Kappus KD. Lack of significant person-to-person spread of swine influenza-like virus following fatal infection in an immunocompromised child. Am J Epidemiol. 1984;119:152-8.

Perkins LE, Swayne DE. Comparative susceptibility of selected avian and mammalian species to a Hong Kong-origin H5N1 high-pathogenicity avian influenza virus. Avian Dis. 2003;47(3 Suppl):956-67.

Perkins LE., Swayne DE. Varied pathogenicity of a Hong Kong-origin H5N1 avian influenza virus in four passerine species and budgerigars. Vet. Pathol. 2003;40:14-24.

Promed Mail. Avian influenza – Eurasia: wild birds, fish feed. Dec 28, 2005. Archive Number 20051228.3700. Available at http://www.promedmail.org. Accessed 10 Jan 2007.

Promed Mail. Avian influenza, ostriches – South Africa (H5N2)(03): OIE. July 18, 2006. Archive Number 20060718.1970. Available at: http://www.promedmail.org. Accessed 10 Jan 2007.

Promed Mail. Avian influenza, ostriches - South Africa. Aug 7, 2004. Archive Number 20040807.2176. Available at http://www.promedmail.org. Accessed 10 Jan 2007.

Promed Mail. Avian influenza, poultry vs migratory birds. May 12, 2006. Archive Number 20060512.1350. Available at: http://www.promedmail.org. Accessed 10 Jan 2007.

Promed Mail. Influenza, canine-USA (Florida). June 20, 2006. Archive Number 20060620.1703. Available at http://www.promedmail.org. Accessed 10 Jan 2007.

Promed Mail. Influenza, canine-USA (multistate). March 25,2006. Archive Number 20060325.0921. Available at: http://www.promedmail.org. Accessed 10 Jan 2007.

Promed Mail. Influenza, canine-USA (multistate). October 2, 2005. Archive Number 20051002.2883. Available at: http://www.promedmail.org. Accessed 3 Oct 2005.

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