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EEDA Textbook References: Chapter 5

Foot and Mouth Disease in the United Kingdom
Sources of Information

Bartley LM, Donnelly CA, Anderson RM. Review of foot-and-mouth disease virus survival in animal excretions and on fomites. Vet Rec. 2002;151:667-9.

Bhattacharya S, Banerjee R, Ghosh R, Biswas A, Chatterjee A. Identification of foot-and-mouth disease from a captive kangaroo in a zoological garden in India. Vet Rec. 2003;153:504-5.

Canadian Food Inspection Agency.  Canada remains on guard against foot and mouth disease.  http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/corpaffr/newcom/2007/20070808e.shtml.  Accessed 27 Feb 2008.

Canadian Food Inspection Agency.  Foot-and-mouth disease hazard specific plan ( 2006).  http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/anima/heasan/disemala/fmdfie/plan/plan-indexe.shtml.   Accessed 27 Feb 2008.

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA), U.K. Foot and mouth disease. Available at: http://www.defra.gov.uk/footandmouth/. Accessed 2003.

Grubman MJ, Baxt B. Foot-and-mouth disease. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2004;17:465-93.
International Society for Infectious Diseases. Promed-Mail. Available at: http://www.promedmail.org. Accessed 2003.

Mort M, Convery I, Baxter J, Bailey C. Psychosocial effects of the 2001 UK foot and mouth disease epidemic in a rural population: qualitative diary based study. BMJ. 2005 Nov 26;331(7527):1234.

Musser JM. A practitioner's primer on foot-and-mouth disease. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2004;224:1261-8.

PigHealth.com. Available at: http://www.pighealth.com. Accessed 2003.

Foot and Mouth Disease in Uruguay
Sources of Information

Barteling SJ. Development and performance of inactivated vaccines against foot and mouth disease. Rev Sci Tech. 2002; 21(3):577-588.

Casas Olascoaga R. (Direct Advisor of the Minister of Livestock, Agriculture and Fish. Uruguay). Foot-and-mouth disease in 2000-2001 period. In: International Conference on Control and Prevention of Foot-and-mouth disease; 2-13 Dec 2001; Brussels. Available at: http://bvs.panaftosa.org.br/textoc/FMD%20Uruguay%20(Casas).doc. Accessed 15 Sept 2005.

Correa Melo E, Saraiva V, Astudillo V. Review of the status of foot and mouth disease in countries of South America and approaches to control and eradication. Rev Sci Tech. 2002; 21(3):429-436.

Sutmoller P, Barteling S, Casas Olascoaga R, Sumption KJ. Control and eradication of foot-and-mouth disease. Virus Res. 2003; 91: 101-144.

Sutmoller P,* Casas Olascoaga R. The successful control and eradication of foot and mouth disease epidemics in South America in 2001. Evidence for the Temporary Committee on Foot-and-Mouth Disease of the European Parliament; September 2, 2002. Presented by Paul Sutmoller. Available at: http://www.humanitarian.net/biodefense/papers/sutmoeller_en.pdf. Accessed 2003.

Thompson D, Muriel P, Russell D, Osborne P, Bromley A, Rowland M, Creigh-Tyte S, Brown C. Economic costs of the foot and mouth disease outbreak in the UK in 2001. Rev Sci Tech. 2002; 21(3):675.

Thomson G. Foot and mouth disease: Facing the new dilemmas. Rev Sci Tech. 2002;21(3): 425-8.

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). Report on the foot and mouth disease situation in Uruguay. 20th September 2002. Available at: https://web01.aphis.usda.gov/db/mtaddr.nsf/0/34e2047f2c384e8385256c4c0059a38d/$FILE/InformeF_.doc. Accessed 23 Sept 2005.

Classical Swine Fever in the United Kingdom
Sources of Information

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA), United Kingdom. Disease factsheet: Classical swine fever. Available at: http://www.defra.gov.uk/animalh/diseases/notifiable/disease/classicalsf.htm. Accessed 2003.

PigHealth.com. Classical swine fever. Available at: http://www.pighealth.com/csf.htm. Accessed 2003.

ThePigSite.com. Available at: http://www.thepigsite.com. Accessed 2003.

World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). OIE disease information, 20 August 2004, Vol. 17 - No. 34. Available at: http://www.oie.int/eng/info/hebdo/AIS_31.HTM. Accessed 2003.

New World Screwworm in the United States
Sources of Information

Emergency reports submitted to the OIE by the USDA in 2000. Accessed 2003.

Personal communication, Dr. James Mertins, USDA, APHIS, NVSL, Ames, Iowa 50010
Thomas TM. (US Army Veterinary Corps). Screwworm containment in Panama during final military withdrawal. Available at: http://www.aphis.usda.gov:80/vs/training/ss_2000/pdf/pan-can-shutdown.pdf. Accessed 2003.

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). Factsheet: Screwworm. Available at: http://www.aphis.usda.gov/lpa/pubs/fsheet_faq_notice/fs_ahscrewworm.html. Accessed 2003.

World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). Available at: http://www.oie.int. Accessed 2003.

West Nile Virus in the Americas
Sources of Information

Beasley DW. Recent advances in the molecular biology of West Nile virus. Curr Mol Med. 2005;5:835-50.

Batieha A, Saliba EK, Graham R, Mohareb E, Hijazi Y, Wijeyaratne P. Seroprevalence of West Nile, Rift Valley, and sandfly arboviruses in Hashimiah, Jordan. Emerg Infect Dis. 2000 Jul-Aug;6(4):358-62.

Blitvich BJ. Transmission dynamics and changing epidemi-ology of West Nile virus. Anim Health Res Rev. 2008;9:71-86.

Canadian Cooperative Wildlife Centre.  West Nile Virus.  http://wildlife1.usask.ca/wildlife_health_topics/arbovirus/arbown.php.  Accessed Feb 28 2008.

Canadian Food Inspection Agency. West Nile virus. Available at: http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/anima/heasan/disemala/wnvvno/wnvfse.shtml. Accessed 12 Sept 2005.

Cannon AB, Luff JA, Brault AC, MacLachlan NJ, Case JB, Green EN, Sykes JE. Acute encephalitis, polyarthritis, and myocarditis associated with West Nile virus infec-tion in a dog. J Vet Intern Med. 2006;20:1219-23.

Castillo-Olivares J, Wood J. West Nile virus infection of horses. Vet Res. 2004;35:467-83.

Clark L, Hall J, McLean R, Dunbar M, Klenk K, Bowen R, Smeraski CA. Susceptibility of greater sage-grouse to experimental infection with West Nile virus. J Wildl Dis. 2006;42:14-22.

Cornell University. Environmental risk analysis program. West Nile virus. Available at: http://www.cfe.cornell.edu/erap/wnv/. Accessed 2003.

Davis LE, DeBiasi R, Goade DE, Haaland KY, Harrington JA, Harnar JB, Pergam SA, King MK, DeMasters BK, Tyler KL. West Nile virus neuroinvasive disease. Ann Neurol. 2006;60:286-300.

Dawson JR, Stone WB, Ebel GD, Young DS, Galinski DS, Pensabene JP, Franke MA, Eidson M, Kramer LD. Crow deaths caused by West Nile virus during winter. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007;13:1912-4.

Del Piero F, Stremme DW, Habecker PL, Cantile C.West Nile flavivirus polioencephalomyelitis in a harbor seal (Phoca vitulina). Vet Pathol. 2006;43:58-61.

Gubler DJ. The continuing spread of West Nile virus in the western hemisphere. Clin Infect Dis. 2007;45:1039-46.

Heinz-Taheny KM, Andrews JJ, Kinsel MJ, Pessier AP, Pinkerton ME, Lemberger KY, Novak RJ, Dizikes GJ, Edwards E, Komar N. West Nile virus infection in free-ranging squirrels in Illinois. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2004;16:186-90.

International Society for Infectious Diseases. NVSL first to… ProMED Mail, Tue, 28 Sep 1999 11:30:16 -0500, from Beverly J. Schmitt of the USDA APHIS National Veterinary Services Laboratories. Archive Number 19990928.1739. Available at: http://www.promedmail.org. Accessed 2003.

Jacobson ER, Ginn PE, Troutman JM, Farina L, Stark L, Klenk K, Burkhalter KL, Komar N. West Nile virus in-fection in farmed American alligators (Alligator missis-sippiensis) in Florida. J Wildl Dis. 2005;41:96-106.

Kecskeméti S, Bajmócy E, Bacsadi A, Kiss I, Bakonyi T. Encephalitis due to West Nile virus in a sheep. Vet Rec. 2007;161:568-9.

Kramer LD, Li J, Shi PY. West Nile virus. Lancet Neurol. 2007;6:171-81.

Kramer LD, Styer LM, Ebel GD. A global perspective on the epidemiology of West Nile virus. Annu Rev Entomol. 2008;53:61-81.

Kutzler MA, Bildfell RJ, Gardner-Graff KK, Baker RJ, De-lay JP, Mattson DE. West Nile virus infection in two al-pacas. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2004;225:921-4, 880.

LaDeau SL, Kilpatrick AM, Marra PP. West Nile virus emergence and large-scale declines of North American bird populations. Nature. 2007;447:710-3.

Lanthier I, Hébert M, Tremblay D, Harel J, Dallaire AD, Girard C. Natural West Nile virus infection in a captive juvenile Arctic wolf (Canis lupus). J Vet Diagn Invest. 2004;16:326-9.

Lvov DK, Butenko AM, Gromashevsky VL, et al.. Isolation of two strains of West Nile virus during an outbreak in southern Russia, 1999. Emerg Infect Dis. 2000 Jul-Aug;6(4):373-6.

Miller DL, Radi ZA, Baldwin C, Ingram D. Fatal West Nile virus infection in a white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). J Wildl Dis. 2005;41:246-9.

Ostlund EN, Andresen JE, Andresen M. West Nile encephalitis. Vet Clin N Am Equine Pract. 2000;16:427-41.

Platt KB, Tucker BJ, Halbur PG, Blitvich BJ, Fabiosa FG, Mullin K, Parikh GR, Kitikoon P, Bartholomay LC, Rowley WA. Fox squirrels (Sciurus niger) develop West Nile virus viremias sufficient for infecting select mos-quito species. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2008;8:225-33.

Pollock CG. West Nile virus in the Americas. J Avian Med Surg. 2008;22:151-7.

Public Health Agency of Canada.  West Nile virus. http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/wn-no/index_e.html.  Accessed Feb 28 2008.

Rappole JH, Derrickson SR, Hubalek Z. Migratory birds and spread of West Nile virus in the Western Hemisphere. Emerg Infect Dis. 2000 Jul-Aug;6(4):319-28.

Read RW, Rodriguez DB, Summers BA West Nile virus encephalitis in a dog. Vet Pathol. 2005;42:219-22.

Root JJ, Oesterle PT, Nemeth NM, Klenk K, Gould DH, McLean RG, Clark L, Hall JS. Experimental infection of fox squirrels (Sciurus niger) with West Nile virus. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2006;75:697-701.

Shieh WJ, Guarner J, Layton M, Fine A, Miller J, Nash D, Campbell GL, Roehrig JT, Gubler DJ, Zaki SR. The role of pathology in an investigation of an outbreak of West Nile encephalitis in New York, 1999. Emerg Infect Dis. 2000 Jul-Aug;6(4):370-2.

Steinhauer J. African virus may be culprit in mosquito-borne illnesses in New York region. New York Times; Sunday, 26 September 1999Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/library/national/regional/092599ny-encephalitis.html. Accessed 2003.

Steinman A, Banet-Noach C, Simanov L, Grinfeld N, Ai-zenberg Z, Levi O, Lahav D, Malkinson M, Perk S, Shpigel NY. Experimental infection of common garter snakes (Thamnophis sirtalis) with West Nile virus. Vec-tor Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2006;6:361-8.

Tyler JW, Turnquist SE, David AT, Kleiboeker SB, Middle-ton JR. West Nile virus encephalomyelitis in a sheep. J Vet Intern Med. 2003;17:242-4.

Trevejo RT, Eidson M. Zoonosis update: West Nile virus. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2008;232:1302-9.

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 2003 West Nile virus activity in the United States. April 15 2003. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/surv&controlCaseCount03_detailed.htm. Accessed 2003.

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 2004 West Nile virus activity in the United States. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/surv&controlCaseCount04_detailed.htm. Accessed 13 Sept 2005.

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 2005 West Nile virus activity in the United States. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/surv&controlCaseCount05_detailed.htm. Accessed 13 Sept 2005.

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). Update on the current status of West Nile virus. Equine cases of West Nile virus illness in 2002: 1 January through 31 December. Available at: http://www.aphis.usda.gov/lpa/issues/wnv/wnvstats.html.* Accessed 2003.

USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). West Nile virus. Available at: http://www.aphis.usda.gov/lpa/issues/issues_archive/wnv/wnv.html. Accessed 2003.

US General Accounting Office. West Nile virus outbreak, lessons for public health preparedness. Report to Congressional requesters. Washington: September 2000. . Report nr HEHS-00-180. Available at: http://www.gao.gov/new.items/he00180.pdf. Accessed 2003.

United States Geological Survey (USGS). USGS West Nile virus maps – 2002-2005. Available at: http://westnilemaps.usgs.gov/index.html. Accessed 13 Sept 2005.

Van der Meulen KM, Pensaert MB, Nauwynck HJ.West Nile virus in the vertebrate world. Arch Virol. 2005;150:637-57.

Yaeger M, Yoon KJ, Schwartz K, Berkland L. West Nile virus meningoencephalitis in a Suri alpaca and Suffolk ewe. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2004;16:64-6.

Walker BL, Naugle DE, Doherty KE, Cornish TE. West Nile virus and greater sage-grouse: estimating infection rate in a wild bird population. Avian Dis. 2007;51:691-6.

West Nile virus activity—United States, 2001. Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. June 14, 2002 / 51(23);497-501. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5123a1.htm. Accessed 2003.

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy in the United Kingdom and Other Countries
Sources of Information

Canadian Food Inspection Agency. Animal Health and Production Division. Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in North America. Available at: http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/anima/heasan/disemala/bseesb/bseesbindexe.shtml. Accessed 21 Sept 2005.

Canadian Food Inspection Agency.  BSE Case Confirmed in Alberta.  http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/anima/heasan/disemala/bseesb/ab2008/14notavie.shtml.  Accessed Jan 26 2009.

Canadian Food Inspection Agency.  BSE case confirmed in Alberta. http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/anima/heasan/disemala/bseesb/situatione.shtml. Accessed 27 Feb 2008.

Canadian Food Inspection Agency.  BSE Case Confirmed in British Columbia.  http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/anima/heasan/disemala/bseesb/bccb2008/15notavie.shtml.  Accessed Jan 26 2009.

Canadian Food Inspection Agency.  Completed investigations.
http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/anima/heasan/disemala/bseesb/comenqe.shtml.  Accessed 26 Jan 2009.

Canadian Food Inspection Agency.  BSE – Disease information and safeguards. http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/anima/heasan/disemala/bseesb/disinfoe.shtml.  Accessed 27 Feb 2008.

Canadian Food Inspection Agency.  Exports and BSE.  http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/anima/heasan/disemala/bseesb/exporte.shtml.  Accessed 27 Feb 2008.

Canadian Food Inspection Agency. Report of the Investigation of the Thirteenth Case of BSE in Canada.  http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/anima/heasan/disemala/bseesb/bccb2008/13investe.shtml.  Accessed 26 Jan 2009.

Canadian Food Inspection Agency. Technical overview of BSE in Canada – March 2007.  http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/anima/heasan/disemala/bseesb/200503canadae.shtml
Accessed 27 Feb 2008.

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA), United Kingdom. Bovine spongiform encephalopathy. Available at: http://www.defra.gov.uk/animalh/bse/. Accessed 2003.

Department of Health, United Kingdom. Monthly Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease statistics. April 7, 2003. Available at: http://www.doh.gov.U.K./cjd/stats/apr03.htm *. Accessed 2003.

Department of Health and Human Services, U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Report on Food & Drug Administration, Dallas District, investigation of bovine spongiform encephalopathy event in Texas 2005. Aug 30, 2005. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/cvm/texasfeedrpt.htm. Accessed 21 Sept 2005.

Evans B, Munroe F.  The role of the veterinary community in the bovine spongiform encephalopathy recovery phase in Canada.  Canadian Vet J. 2004;45:211-217.

Lord Phillips, chair. The BSE inquiry: The report. A report to the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, the Secretary of State for Health and the Secretaries of State for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office; 2000. Report no HC 887-1. Crown copyright. Available at: http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/report/. Accessed 2003.[Information from the sections titled “The first cases of BSE,” “Precautions Taken,” and “The First Human Cases” is from this report]

Promedmail. BSE, bovine - USA (AL): conf.. Mar 13, 2006. Archive Number 20060313.0788. Available at http://www.promedmail.org. Accessed 21 Jul 2009.

Promedmail. BSE, bovine - USA (AL)(02). May 2, 2006. Archive Number 20060503.1280. Available at http://www.promedmail.org. Accessed 21 Jul 2009.

Promedmail. BSE, bovine - USA: atypical strain (02). Jun 7, 2006. Archive Number 20060607.1588. Available at http://www.promedmail.org. Accessed 21 Jul 2009.

Promedmail. Feline spongiform encephalopathy, cat – Switzerland. Aug 24, 2003. Archive Number 20030824.2132. Available at http://www.promedmail.org. Accessed 19 Sept 2007.

Promedmail. Feline spongiform encephalopathy, cheetah – Germany. Sept 13, 2007. Archive Number 20070913.3038. Available at http://www.promedmail.org. Accessed 19 Sept 2007.

Sigurdson CJ, Miller MW. Other animal prion diseases. Br Med Bull. 2003;66:199-212.
Smith PG, Bradley R. Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and its epidemiology. Br Med Bull. 2003;66:185-198.

The National Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Surveillance Unit, United Kingdom. CJD statistics. Available at: http://www.cjd.ed.ac.uk/figures.htm. Accessed 20 Jul 2009.

The National Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Surveillance Unit, United Kingdom. Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Current Data (May 2009) Available at: http://www.cjd.ed.ac.uk/vcjdworld.htm. Accessed 20 Jul 2009.

U.K. Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs [DEFRA] TSE- Statistics. DEFRA; 2007 Sept. Available at: http://www.defra.gov.uk/animalh/bse/statistics/incidence.html.* Accessed 24 Sept 2004.

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). BSD and CJD information and resources. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/diseases/cjd/cjd.htm. Accessed 2003.

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). New variant CJD fact sheet. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/diseases/cjd/cjd_fact_sheet.htm. Accessed 2003. [Current vCJD information is now available at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/vcjd/]

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Update 2002: Bovine spongiform encephalopathy and variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/diseases/cjd/bse_cjd.htm.* Accessed 2003.

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Questions and answers regarding bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD). June 29, 2005. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/vcjd/qa.htm. Accessed 19 Sept 2005.

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)Bovine spongiform encephalopathy. Available at: http://www.aphis.usda.gov/lpa/issues/bse/bse.html. Accessed 2003.

USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) surveillance, March 2003. Available at: http://www.aphis.usda.gov/lpa/issues/bse/bse-surveillance.html. Accessed 2003.

USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). BSE testing page. Frequently asked questions. Available at: http://www.aphis.usda.gov/lpa/issues/bse_testing/faq.html. Accessed 21 Sept. 2005.

USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). BSE trade ban status as of 08/04/05. Available at: http://www.aphis.usda.gov/lpa/issues/bse/trade/bse_trade_ban_status.html. Accessed 20 Sept 2005.

USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). Press release: Investigation results of Texas cow that tested positive for bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) Aug. 30, 2005. Release no. 0336.05. Available at: http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/!ut/p/_s.7_0_A/7_0_1OB/.cmd/ad/.ar/sa.retrievecontent/.c/6_2_1UH/.ce/7_2_5JM/.p/5_2_4TQ/.d/1/_th/J_2_9D/_s.7_0_A/7_0_1OB?PC_7_2_5JM_contentid=2005/08/0336.xml&PC_7_2_5JM_navtype=RT&PC_7_2_5JM_parentnav=LATEST_RELEASES&PC_7_2_5JM_navid=NEWS_RELEASE#7_2_5JM. Accessed 21 Sept 2005.

USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). Statistics from the nationwide BSE surveillance program. Available at: http://www.aphis.usda.gov/oa/bse/bsesurvey.html#charts. * Accessed 2003.

Wyatt JM, Pearson GR, Gruffydd-Jones TJ. Feline spongiform encephalopathy. Feline Pract. 1993;21:7-9.

*defunct link as of 2004, 2005

Monkeypox in the United States
Sources of Information

Bernard SM, Anderson SA. Qualitative assessment of risk for monkeypox associated with domestic trade in certain animal species, United States.Emerg Infect Dis. 2006;12(12):1827-33.

Chen N, Li G, Liszewski MK, Atkinson JP, Jahrling PB, Feng Z, Schriewer J, Buck C, Wang C, Lefkowitz EJ, Esposito JJ, Harms T, Damon IK, Roper RL, Upton C, Buller RM. Virulence differences between monkeypox virus isolates from West Africa and the Congo basin. Virology. 2005;340(1):46-63.

Di Giulio DB, Eckburg PB. Human monkeypox: an emerging zoonosis. Lancet Infect Dis. 2004;4(1):15-25.

Dubois ME, Slifka MK. Retrospective analysis of monkeypox infection. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008;14(4):592-9.

Guarner J, Johnson BJ, Paddock CD, Shieh W-J, Goldsmith CS, Reynolds MG, et al. Monkeypox transmission and pathogenesis in prairie dogs. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004 Mar;10(3):426-31.

Hutson CL, Lee KN, Abel J, Carroll DS, Montgomery JM, Olson VA, Li Y, Davidson W, Hughes C, Dillon M, Spurlock P, Kazmierczak JJ, Austin C, Miser L, Sorhage FE, Howell J, Davis JP, Reynolds MG, Braden Z, Karem KL, Damon IK, Regnery RL. Monkeypox zoonotic associations: insights from laboratory evaluation of animals associated with the multi-state US outbreak.Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2007;76(4):757-68.

Hutson CL, Olson VA, Carroll DS, Abel JA, Hughes CM, Braden ZH, Weiss S, Self J, Osorio JE, Hudson PN, Dillon M, Karem KL, Damon IK, Regnery RL. A prairie dog animal model of systemic orthopoxvirus disease using West African and Congo Basin strains of monkeypox virus.J Gen Virol. 2009;90(Pt 2):323-33.

Kile JC, Fleischauer AT, Beard B, Kuehnert MJ, Kanwal RS, Pontones P, Messersmith HJ, Teclaw R, Karem KL, Braden ZH, Damon I, Khan AS, Fischer M. Transmission of monkeypox among persons exposed to infected prairie dogs in Indiana in 2003. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2005;159(11):1022-5.

Langohr IM, Stevenson GW, Thacker HL, Regnery RL. Extensive lesions of monkeypox in a prairie dog (Cynomys sp).Vet Pathol. 2004;41(6):702-7.

Ligon BL. Monkeypox: a review of the history and emergence in the Western hemisphere. Semin Pediatr Infect Dis. 2004;15(4):280-7.

Likos AM, Sammons SA, Olson VA, Frace AM, Li Y, Olsen-Rasmussen M, Davidson W, Galloway R, Khristova ML, Reynolds MG, Zhao H, Carroll DS, Curns A, Formenty P, Esposito JJ, Regnery RL, Damon IK. A tale of two clades: monkeypox viruses.J Gen Virol. 2005;86(Pt 10):2661-72.

Nalca A, Rimoin AW, Bavari S, Whitehouse CA. Reemergence of monkeypox: prevalence, diagnostics, and countermeasures. Clin Infect Dis. 2005;41(12):1765-71.

Reed KD  Monkeypox, Marshfield Clinic and the Internet: leveraging information technology for public health.Clin Med Res. 2004;2(1):1-3.

Reed K, Melski J, Stratman E. Index case and family infection of monkeypox from prairie dogs diagnosed in Marshfield, WI (Clinical photos ). Available at: http://www.marshfieldclinic.org/ldf/MonkeyPox_MarshfieldWI_ClinicalPhotos_v3.ppt.. Accessed 17 Sept 2009.

Reed K, Melski J, Stratman E. Monkeypox brings international attention. Available at: http://www.marshfieldclinic.org/proxy/MC-systemReview_03_monkeypoxAttention.1.pdf. Accessed 17 Sept 2009.

Reynolds MG, Cono J, Curns A, Holman RC, Likos A, Regnery R, Treadwell T, Damon I. Human monkeypox. Lancet Infect Dis. 2004;4(10):604-5

Reynolds MG, Davidson WB, Curns AT, Conover CS, Huhn G, Davis JP, Wegner M, Croft DR, Newman A, Obiesie NN, Hansen GR, Hays PL, Pontones P, Beard B, Teclaw R, Howell JF, Braden Z, Holman RC, Karem KL, Damon IK. Spectrum of infection and risk factors for human monkeypox, United States, 2003. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007;13(9):1332-9.

Sale TA, Melski JW, Stratman EJ. Monkeypox: an epidemiologic and clinical comparison of African and US disease. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2006 55(3):478-81.

Sbrana E, Xiao SY, Newman PC, Tesh RB. Comparative pathology of North American and central African strains of monkeypox virus in a ground squirrel model of the disease.Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2007;76(1):155-64.

Schultz DA, Sagartz JE, Huso DL, Buller RM. Experimental infection of an African dormouse (Graphiurus kelleni) with monkeypox virus.Virology. 2009;383(1):86-92.

Tesh RB, Watts DM, Sbrana E, Siirin M, Popov VL, Xiao SY. Experimental infection of ground squirrels (Spermophilus tridecemlineatus) with monkeypox virus. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004;10(9):1563-7.

Xiao SY, Sbrana E, Watts DM, Siirin M, da Rosa AP, Tesh RB.  Experimental infection of prairie dogs with monkeypox virus. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005;11(4):539-45.

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Promedmail. PRO/AH/EDR> Influenza pandemic (H1N1) 2009, animal health (04): Chile, avian, OIE. 23-AUG-2009. Archive Number 20090823.2978. Available at http://www.promedmail.org. Accessed 18 Sept 2009.

Promedmail. PRO/AH/EDR> Influenza pandemic (H1N1) 2009, animal health (05): Austr., swine. 26-AUG-2009. Archive Number 20090826.2999. Available at http://www.promedmail.org. Accessed 18 Sept 2009.

Promedmail. PRO/AH> Influenza pandemic (H1N1) 2009, animal health (06): Canada, swine.-28-AUG-2009. Archive Number 20090828.3027. Available at http://www.promedmail.org. Accessed 18 Sept 2009.

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