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EEDA Textbook References: Baylisascariasis

Acha PN, Szyfres B (Pan American Health Organization [PAHO]). Zoonoses and communicable diseases common to man and animals. Volume 3. Parasitoses. 3rd ed. Washington DC: PAHO; 2003. Scientific and Technical Publication No. 580. Baylisascariasis; p. 241-244.

Aiello SE, Mays A, editors. The Merck veterinary manual. 8th ed. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck and Co; 1998. Baylisascaris procyonis; p 926, 940, 1395-1396, 2176.

Bowman DD. Companion and exotic animal parasitology. Ithaca, NY: International Veterinary Information Service [IVIS]; 2000. Baylisascaris procyonis in dogs. Available at: http:// bowman_baylisascariasis/ivis.pdf. Accessed 22 Dec 2004.

Bowman DD, Ulrich MA, Gregory DE, Neumann NR, Legg W, Stansfield D. Treatment of Baylisascaris procyonis infections in dogs with milbemycin oxime. Parasitol. 2005;129(3-4):285-90.

Braund KG, editor. Clinical neurology in small animals - localization, diagnosis and treatment. Ithaca, NY: International Veterinary Information Service (IVIS); 2005. Inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system. Available at: Accessed 15 Oct 2009.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC]. Baylisascariasis [online]. Available at: Accessed 15 Oct 2009.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC]. Baylisascaris infection [online]. CDC; 2008 Mar. Available at: Accessed 12 Oct 2009.

Cialdini AP, de Souza EC, Avila MP. The first South American case of diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis caused by a large nematode. Arch Ophthalmol. 1999;117(10):1431-2.

Dangoudoubiyam S, Kazacos KR. Differentiation between Baylisascaris procyonis and Toxocara species larva migrans by Western blotting. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2009 Sep 9. [Epub ahead of print]

Dangoudoubiyam S, Vemulapalli R, Kazacos KR. PCR assays for detection of Baylisascaris procyonis eggs and larvae. J Parasitol. 2008 Dec 17:1. [Epub ahead of print]

Eberhard ML. Nace EK, Won KY, Punkosdy GA, Bishop HS, Johnston SP. Baylisascaris procyonis in the metropolitan Atlanta area. Emerg Infect Dis. 2003;9:1636-7.

Evans RH. Baylisascaris procyonis (Nematoda: Ascarididae) larva migrans in free-ranging wildlife in Orange County, California.J Parasitol. 2002;88(2):299-301.

Furuoka H, Sato H, Kubo M, Owaki S, Kobayashi Y, Matsui T, Kamiya H. Neuropathological observation of rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) affected with raccoon roundworm (Baylisascaris procyonis) larva migrans in Japan. J Vet Med Sci. 2003;65:695-9.

Gavin PJ, Kazakos KR, Shulman ST. Baylisacariasis. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2005;18:703-718.

Hanley CS, Simmons HA, Wallace RS, Clyde VL. Visceral and presumptive neural baylisascariasis in an orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus).J Zoo Wildl Med. 2006;37(4):553-7.

Kazacos KR. Baylisascaris procyonis and related species. In: Samuel WM, Pybus MJ, Kocan AA, editors. Parasitic diseases of wild mammals. 2nd ed. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State Univ Press; 2001: pp. 301-41.

Kazacos KR, Appel GO, Thacker HL. Cerebrospinal nematodiasis in a woodchuck suspected of having rabies. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1981;179(11):1102-4.

Küchle M, Knorr HL, Medenblik-Frysch S, Weber A, Bauer C, Naumann GO.  Diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis syndrome in a German most likely caused by the raccoon roundworm, Baylisascaris procyonis. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 1993;231(1):48-51.

Murray WJ, Kazacos KR. Raccoon roundworm encephalitis.Clin Infect Dis. 2004;39(10):1484-92.

Pai PJ, Blackburn BG, Kazacos KR, Warrier RP, Bégué RE. Full recovery from Baylisascaris procyonis eosinophilic meningitis. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007;13(6):928-30.

Papini R, Renzoni G, Lo Piccolo S, Casarosa L. Ocular larva migrans and histopathological lesions in mice experimentally infected with Baylisascaris transfuga embryonated eggs. Vet Parasitol. 1996;61(3-4):315-20.

Park SY, Glaser C, Murray WJ, Kazacos KR, Rowley HA, Fredrick DR, Bass N. Raccoon roundworm (Baylisascaris procyonis) encephalitis: case report and field investigation. Pediatrics. 2000;106:E56.

Promed Mail. PRO/EDR> Baylisascaris - Canada (ON) Sept 7, 2005. Archive Number 20050907.2660. Available at: Accessed 15 Oct 2009.

Rudmann DG, Kazacos KR, Storandt ST, Harris DL, Janovitz EB. Baylisascaris procyonis larva migrans in a puppy: a case report and update for  the veterinarian. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc. 1996;32:73-6.

Sato H, Kamiya H, Furuoka H. Epidemiological aspects of the first outbreak of Baylisascaris procyonis larva migrans in rabbits in Japan. J Vet Med Sci. 2003;65(4):453-7.

Sato H, Une Y, Kawakami S, Saito E, Kamiya H, Akao N, Furuoka H. Fatal Baylisascaris larva migrans in a colony of Japanese macaques kept by a safari-style zoo in Japan. J Parasitol. 2005;91(3):716-9.

Sheppard CH, Kazacos KR. Susceptibility of Peromyscus leucopus and Mus musculus to infection with Baylisascaris procyonis. J Parasitol. 1997;83:1104-11.

Sorvillo F, Ash LR, Berlin OG, Morse SA. Baylisascaris procyonis: an emerging helminthic zoonosis. Emerg Infect Dis. 2002;8:355-9.

Stefanski W, Zarnowski E. Ascaris procvonis n.sp. provenant de l'intestin de Procyon lotor L. Ann Musei Zoologica Polonici 1951;14:199-202.

Stringfield C. Baylisascaris neural migrans in zoo animals. In: Fowler, M, Miller RE, editors. Zoo and wild animal medicine: current therapy, Vol 6. St. Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier; 2007. p. 284-6.

Weese JS, Peregrine AS, Armstrong J. Occupational health and safety in small animal veterinary practice: part II – parasitic zoonoric disease. Can Vet J. 2002;43:799-802.

Williams JF, Zajac A. Diagnosis of gastrointestinal parasitism in dogs and cats. St. Louis, MO: Ralston Purina; 1980. Nematodes; p. 16-28.

Wise ME, Sorvillo FJ, Shafir SC, Ash LR, Berlin OG. Severe and fatal central nervous system disease in humans caused by Baylisascaris procyonis, the common roundworm of raccoons: a review of current literature. Microbes Infect. 2005;7(2):317-23.

Wolf KN, Lock B, Carpenter JW, Garner MM. Baylisascaris procyonis infection in a Moluccan cockatoo (Cacatua moluccensis). J Avian Med Surg. 2007;21(3):220-5.

Yeitz JL, Gillin CM, Bildfell RJ, Debess EE. Prevalence of Baylisascaris procyonis in raccoons (Procyon lotor) in Portland, Oregon, USA. J Wildl Dis. 2009;45(1):14-8.